Biblical Bibliographies
Charles Conroy []

Regnal Dates of the Kings of Judah and Israel

Albright, W. F., "The Chronology of the Divided Monarchy of Israel", BASOR 100 (Dec. 1945) 16-22.

Albright, W. F., "New Light from Egypt on the Chronology and History of Israel and Judah", BASOR 130 (Apr. 1953) 4-11.

Andersen, K. T., "Die Chronologie der Könige von Israel und Juda", Studia Theologica 29 (1969) 69-114.

Andersen, K. T., "Noch einmal: Die Chronologie der Könige von Israel und Juda", SJOT (1989/1) 1-45.

Andersen, K. T., "Corrigenda zu SJOT 1989. 'Noch einmal: Die Chronologie der Könige von Israel und Juda'", SJOT (1989/2) 146.

Barnes, W. H., Studies in the Chronology of the Divided Monarchy of Israel (HSM 48; Atlanta, GA: Scholars, 1991).

Begrich, J., Die Chronologie der Könige von Israel und Juda, und die Quellen des Rahmens der Königsbücher (BHT 3; Tübingen: Mohr [Siebeck], 1929).

Bruce, D., Sacred Chronology of the Hebrew Kings: A Harmony of the Reigns of the Kings of Israel and Judah, and how the Chronologies and Histories of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia Synchronize with their Reigns (Atlanta, GA: The Prophecy Society, 2012). Online version here.

Cogan, M. – H. Tadmor, II Kings (AB 11: New York: Doubleday, 1988). [The Table of Chronology for the Divided Monarchy on p. 341 follows Tadmor's conclusions in his earlier works (see below).]

Cogan, M., "Chronology: Hebrew Bible", ABD I (1992) 1002-1011. [in a few instances there are differences with the chronology in the 2 Kgs commentary of 1988]

Cogan, M., I Kings (AB 10; New York: Doubleday, 2001). [The appendix "The Chronology of the Kings of Israel and Judah" on p. 508 follows the conclusions of his ABD article (above).]

Cryer, F. H., "To the One of Fictive Music: OT Chronology and History", SJOT (1987/2) 1-27.

Finegan, J., Handbook of Biblical Chronology: Principles of Time Reckoning in the Ancient World and Problems of Chronology in the Bible (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 21998). [First edition: Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1964]

Freedman, D. N., "Kingly Chronologies: Then and Later", in S. A. Aḥituv – B. A. Levine (eds.), Avraham Malamat Volume (Eretz-Israel 24; Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1993), 41*-65*.

Galil, G., "Chronology of the Last Kings of Judah", Bib 72 (1991) 368-378.

Galil, G., The Chronology of the Kings of Israel and Judah (Studies in the History and Culture of the Ancient Near East, 9; Leiden: Brill, 1996).

Galil, G., "The Chronological Data in the Greek Text of the Book of Kings", Shnaton 11 (1997) 56-77.

Galil, G., "The Chronological Framework of the Deuteronomistic History", Bib 85 (2004) 413-421.

Galil, G., "Dates and Calendars in Kings", in A. Lemaire – B. Halpern (eds.), The Books of Kings: Sources, Composition, Historiography and Reception (VTSup 129; Leiden: Brill, 2010) 427-444.

Goldberg, J., "Two Assyrian Campaigns against Hezekiah and Later Eighth Century Biblical Chronology", Bib 80 (1999) 360-390.

Green, A. R., "Regnal Formulas in the Hebrew and Greek Texts of the Book of Kings", JNES 42 (1983) 167-180.

Hayes, J. H. – P. K. Hooker, A New Chronology for the Kings of Israel and Judah and Its Implications for Biblical History and Literature (Atlanta: John Knox, 1988). Reprinted (Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 2007).

Hayes, J. H., "The Beginning of the Regnal Year in Israel and Judah", in J. A. Dearman (ed.), The Land that I Will Show You. Essays on the History and Archaeology of the Ancient Near East in Honor of J. Maxwell Miller (JSOTSup 343; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001) 92-95.

Hendel, R. S., "The Two Editions of the Royal Chronology in Kings", in A. Piquer Otero – P. A. Torijano Morales (eds.), Textual Criticism and Dead Sea Scrolls: Studies in Honour of Julio Trebolle Barrera. Florilegium Complutense (JSJSup 157; Leiden: Brill, 2012) 99-114.

Hughes, J., Secrets of the Times. Myth and History in Biblical Chronology (JSOTSup 66; Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1990).

Jepsen, A., "Zur Chronologie der Könige von Israel und Juda. Eine Überprüfung", in A. Jepsen – R. Hanhart, Untersuchungen zur israelitisch-jüdischen Chronologie (BZAW 88; Berlin: Töpelmann, 1964) 4-48.

Jepsen, A., "Noch einmal zur Israelitisch-Jüdischen Chronologie", VT 18 (1968) 31-46.

Jepsen, A., "Zeittafel", in W. Rudolph, Haggai – Sacharja 1-8 – Sacharja 9-14 – Maleachi. Mit einer Zeittafel von Alfred Jepsen (KAT 13/4; Gütersloh: Gütersloher Verlagshaus Gerd Mohn, 1975). [This is the most recent version of Jepsen's chronology of the monarchical period; it is on some 12 unnumbered pages at the end of the volume.]

Koch, K., "Die mysteriösen Zahlen der jüdäischen Könige und die apokalyptischen Jahrwochen", VT 28 (1978) 433-441.

Laato, A., "New Viewpoints on the Chronology of the Kings of Judah and Israel", ZAW 98 (1986) 210-221.

Laato, A., Guide to Biblical Chronology (Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2015).

Larsson, G., "The Chronology of the Kings of Israel and Judah as a System", ZAW 114 (2002) 224-235.

Larsson, G., "Septuagint versus Massoretic Chronology", ZAW 114 (2002) 511-521.

Larsson, G., The Chronological System of the Old Testament (Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 2008).

Lemaire, A., "Les formules de datation en Palestine au premier millénaire avant J.-C.", in F. Briquel-Chatonnet – H. Lozachmeur (eds.), Proche-Orient ancien: temps vécu, temps pensé. Actes de la Table-Ronde du 15 novembre 1997 organisée par l'URA 1062 "Etudes Sémitiques" (Antiquités sémitiques, 3; Paris: Jean Maisonneuve, 1998) 53-82.

Levin, C., "Das synchronistische Exzerpt aus den Annalen der Könige von Israel und Juda", VT 61 (2011) 616-628; = "The Synchronistic Excerpt from the Annals of the Kings of Israel and Judah", in C. Levin, Re-Reading the Scriptures. Essays on the Literary History of the Old Testament (FAT 87; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2013) 183-194.

Lewy, J., Die Chronologie der Könige von Israel und Juda (Giessen: Töpelmann, 1927).

Liwak, R., "Israel und Judah", in W. Eder –J. Renger (eds.), Herrscherchronologien der antiken Welt: Namen, Daten, Dynastien (Der Neue Pauly Supplemente, 1; Stuttgart: Metzler, 2004) 55-58; = "Israel and Judah", in W. Eder – J. Renger (eds.), Chronologies of the Ancient World: Names, Dates and Dynasties (Brill's New Pauly Supplements, 1; Leiden: Brill, 2007) 56-59.

Löhnert, A., et al., "Chronology", EBR 5 (2012) 237-263. Details: I. Ancient Near East (A. Löhnert) 237-241; II. Hebrew Bible / Old Testament and Judaism (C. Berner – Ch. Milikowsky) 241-253; III. New Testament (A. Scriba) 253-256; IV. Islam (D. Thomas) 256-258; V. Literature (A. LaCocque) 258-263.

McFall, L., "A Translation Guide to the Chronological Data in Kings and Chronicles," BSac 148 / 589 (1991) 3-45. (see the author's home page for links to this and some of the following titles.)

McFall, L., "Has the Chronology of the Hebrew Kings Been Finally Settled?", Themelios 17 (1991) 6-11.

McFall, L., "Some Missing Coregencies in Thiele's Chronology", AUSS 30 (1992) 35-58.

McFall, L., "The Chronology of Saul and David", JETS 53 (2010) 475-533.

Miano, D., Shadow on the Steps: Time Measurement in Ancient Israel (SBL Resources for Biblical Study, 64; Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature, 2010).

Miller, J. M., "Another Look at the Chronology of the Early Divided Monarchy", JBL 86 (1967) 276-288.

Mowinckel, S., "Die Chronologie der israelitischen und jüdischen Könige", AcOr 9 (1932) 161-277.

Na’aman, N., "Historical and Chronological Notes on the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah in the Eighth Century B.C.", VT 36 (1986) 71-92; = [same title], in N. Na’aman, Ancient Israel's History and Historiography: The First Temple Period. Collected Essays, Volume 3 (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2006) 236-255.

Na’aman, N., "On the Antiquity of the Regnal Years in the Book of Kings", TZ 55 (1999) 44-46; = [same title], in N. Na’aman, Ancient Israel's History and Historiography: The First Temple Period. Collected Essays, Volume 3 (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2006) 256-258.

Pavlovsky, V. – E. Vogt, "Die Jahre der Könige von Juda und Israel", Bib 45 (1964) 321-347.

Puech, E., "Athalie, fille d'Achab, et la chronologie des rois d'Israël et de Juda", in R. Aguirre – F. García Lopez (eds.), Escritos de Biblia y Oriente. Miscelánea conmemorativa del 25º aniversario del Instituto Español Bíblico y Arqueológico (Casa de Santiago) de Jerusalén (Bibliotheca Salmanticensis, Estudios 38; Salamanca: Universidad Pontificia; Jerusalén: Instituto Español Bíblico y Arqueológico, 1981) 117-136; = [same title], Salmanticensis 28 (1981) 117-136.

Shenkel, J. D., Chronology and Recensional Development in the Greek Text of Kings (HSM 1; Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1968).

Tadmor, H., "The Chronology of the First Temple Period: A Presentation and Evaluation of the Sources", in A. Malamat – I. Eph‘al (eds.), The World History of the Jewish People. First Series: Ancient Time. Vol. Four – I: The Age of the Monarchies: Political History (Jerusalem: Jewish History Publications, Massada Press, 1979) 44-60, with notes on 318-320. [Tadmor's chronology here is reproduced in the Cogan & Tadmor commentary on 2 Kgs in AB 11: see above s.v. Cogan]

Tadmor, H. – M. Cogan, "The Bearing of the Present Work on Biblical History and Chronology", in H. Tadmor, The Inscriptions of Tiglath-Pileser III King of Assyria. Critical Edition, with Introductions, Translations and Commentary (Jerusalem: Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 1994) 273-278.

Tetley, M. C., The Reconstructed Chronology of the Divided Kingdom (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2005).

Thiele, E. R., The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings: A Reconstruction of the Chronology of the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1951). Second revised edition: Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1965.

Thiele, E. R., "Coregencies and Overlapping Reigns Among the Hebrew Kings", JBL 93 (1974) 174-200.

Thiele, E. R., A Chronology of the Hebrew Kings (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1977).

Thiele, E. R., The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings. Third revised edition (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1983). Reprinted: Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel, 1994.

Vries, S. J. de, "Chronology of the OT", IDB I (1962) 580-599.

Vries, S. J. de, "Chronology, OT", IDBSup (1976) 161-166.

Zwickel, W., "Die tyrische Königsliste und die Annalenangaben des Alten Testaments", in T. Wagner – J. M. Robker – F. Ueberschaer (eds.), Text – Textgeschichte – Textwirkung: Festschrift zum 65. Geburtstag von Siegfried Kreuzer (AOAT 419; Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2014) 83-92.