Biblical Bibliographies
Charles Conroy [www.cjconroy.net]



Ezekiel: Reception and Interpretation
(B) Christian Sources prior to 1800



[see also:  General commentaries (pre-1800) and The divine throne-chariot]



The bibliography is divided into five sections as follows:

I.    Influence of Ezekiel on the New Testament (especially the Book of Revelation)

Allison, D. C., Jr., "Acts 9:1-9, 22:6-11, 26:12-18: Paul and Ezekiel", JBL 135 (2016) 807-826.

Bøe, S., Gog and Magog: Ezekiel 38-39 as Pre-Text for Revelation 19,17-21 and 20,7-10 (Studiebibliotek for Bibel og Mision; Oslo: Fjellhaug Skoler, 1999); = S. Bøe, Gog and Magog: Ezekiel 38-39 as Pre-Text for Revelation 19,17-21 and 20,7-10 (WUNT II/135; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2001).

Kowalski, B., Die Rezeption des Propheten Ezechiel in der Offenbarung des Johannes (Stuttgarter Biblische Beiträge, 52; Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 2004).

Kowalski, B., "Die Ezechielrezeption in der Offenbarung des Johannes und ihre Bedeutung für die Textkritik", Studien zum Neuen Testament und seiner Umwelt 35 (2010) 51-77.

Manning, G. T., Echoes of a Prophet: The Use of Ezekiel in the Gospel of John and in Literature of the Second Temple Period (JSNTSup 270; London: T & T Clark, 2004).

Manning, G. T., "Shepherd, Vine and Bones: The Use of Ezekiel in the Gospel of John", in A. Mein – P. M. Joyce (eds.), After Ezekiel: Essays on the Reception of a Difficult Prophet (LHB/OTS 535; New York & London: T & T Clark, 2011) 25-44.

Moyise, S., "Ezekiel and the Book of Revelation", in A. Mein – P. M. Joyce (eds.), After Ezekiel: Essays on the Reception of a Difficult Prophet (LHB/OTS 535; New York & London: T & T Clark, 2011) 45-57.

Peterson, B. N., John's Use of Ezekiel: Understanding the Unique Perspective of the Fourth Gospel (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress, 2015).

Presser, N., "La escatología apocalíptica de Ezequiel en la Revelación de Juan", DavarLogos 12 (2013) 129-146.

Ruiz, J. P. M., Ezekiel in the Apocalypse: The Transformation of Prophetic Language in Revelation 16,17-19,10 (EHS 23/376; Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 1989).

Sänger, D. (ed.), Das Ezechielbuch in der Johannesoffenbarung (BThSt 76; Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, ©2004) [actually published 2006].

Vanhoye, A., "L'utilisation du livre d'Ézéchiel dans l'Apocalypse", Bib 43 (1962) 436-476.

II.    Patristic writings on Ezekiel [in approximate chronological order]

Origen (185-253/4), [14 Homilies on Ezekiel, in Jerome's Latin rendering], in PG 13, 665-768 (among Origen's works) and again in PL 25, 691-786 (among Jerome's works). Critical ed.: W. A. Baehrens (ed.), Origenes Werke, Bd. 8: Homilien zu Samuel I, zum Hohelied und zu den Propheten; Kommentar zum Hohelied. In Rufins und Hieronymus' Übersetzungen (Die griechischen christlichen Schriftsteller der ersten drei Jahrhunderte, 33; Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1925) 319-454. Italian (1): Origenes, In Ezechielem homiliae XIV: Omelie su Ezechiele. Traduzione, introduzione e note a cura di N. Antoniono (Collana di testi patristici, 67; Roma: Città Nuova, 1987). Italian-Latin-Greek (2): Opere di Origene: Omelie su Ezechiele. Testo latino con traduzione italiana a fronte: frammenti in greco con traduzione italiana. A cura di A. Grappone; traduzione di F. Bucchi (Opera omnia di Origene, 8; Roma: Città Nuova, 2016). French-Latin: Origène, Homélies sur Ezéchiel, ed. M. Borret (SC 352; Paris: Cerf, 1989). English (1): Origen, Homilies 1-14 on Ezekiel. Translated and introduction by T. P. Scheck (Ancient Christian Writers, 62; New York and Mahwah, NJ: Newman Press, 2010). English-Latin-Greek (2): Origen of Alexandria, Exegetical Works on Ezekiel. The Fourteen Homilies and the Greek fragments of the Homilies, Commentaries and Scholia. Text and Translation. Edited by R. Pearse; translated and annotated by M. Hooker (Ancient Texts in Translation, 2; Ipswich, UK: Chieftain Publishing, 2014).

Origen, "Selecta in Ezechielem", in PG 13, 767-826. See also PG 17, 287-288. [Greek fragments, with Latin translation, commenting on selected passages in Ezek, collected from the Greek catenae; perhaps from lost homilies of Origen].

Origen, [Fragments from his lost 25-book commentary on Ezek], in PG 13, 663-666 [on Ezek 34,17].

Ephrem (306-373), [Syriac text of an incomplete commentary, with Latin translation], in J. S. Assemanus – P. Benedictus [Mobarak] – S. E. Assemanus (eds.), Sancti Ephraem opera omnia quae extant, Graece, Syriace, Latine, in sex tomos distributa. Ad MSS. codices Vaticanos aliosque castigata, multis aucta, interpretatione, praefationibus, notis, variantibus lectionibus illustrata. 6 vol. (Romae: ex Typographia Pontificia Vaticana Jo. Mariae Henrici Salvioni, 1732-1746): Tomus II (1740) 165-202 [recent scholars consider the Ezekiel material to be inauthentic; probably taken from a Syrian catena with material from other later authors].

Jerome (ca. 347-419/420), "Commentariorum in Ezechielem Prophetam Libri Quatuordecim", in PL 25, 15-490. Critical ed.: Hieronymus, Commentariorum in Hiezechielem libri XIV, ed. F. Glorie (CCSL 75; Turnhout: Brepols, 1964). English: St. Jerome: Commentary on Ezekiel. Trans. and ed. T. P. Scheck (Ancient Christian Writers, 71; New York and Mahwah, NJ: Newman Press, 2017).

Theodoret of Cyrus [Cyrrhus] (ca. 393 - ca. 460), "Hermēneia tēs propheteias tou hagiou Iezekiēl / In divini Ezechielis prophetiam interpretatio", in PG 81, 807-1256. English: Theodoret of Cyrus: Commentary on the Prophets, vol. 2: Commentary on the Prophet Ezekiel. Trans. and ed. R. C. Hill (Brookline, MA: Holy Cross Orthodox Press, 2007).

Gregory the Great (ca. 540-604), "Homiliarum in Ezechielem Prophetam Libri Duo", in PL 76, 785-1072. Critical ed.: Sancti Gregorii Magni Homiliae in Hiezechihelem Prophetam, ed. M. Adriaen (CCSL 142; Turnhout: Brepols, 1971). Italian: Gregorio Magno, Homiliae in Ezechielem: Omelie su Ezechiele. Traduzione, introduzione e note a cura di Emilio Gandolfo. 2 vol. (Collana di testi patristici, 17; Roma: Città Nuova, 1979-1980). French-Latin: Grégoire le Grand, Homélies sur Ézéchiel, ed. C. Morel. 2 vol. (SC 327 / 360; Paris: Cerf, 1986 / 1990). Italian-Latin: Gregorio Magno, Homiliae in Ezechielem. Omelie su Ezechiele, eds. V. Recchia – E. Gandalfo (Opere di Gregorio Magno, 3/1-2; Roma: Città Nuova, 1992-1993) [Latin text from CCSL]. English: The Homilies of St. Gregory the Great on the Book of the Prophet Ezekiel, translated by Theodosia Gray, with an introduction by Bishop Chrysostomos, and edited by Juliana Cownie (Etna, CA: Center for Traditionalist Orthodox Studies, 1990). Second English ed.: [same title], translated by Theodosia Tomkinson with introduction by Archbishop Chrysostomos (Etna, CA: Center for Traditionalist Orthodox Studies, 22008) [translated from the PL text].

III.    Medieval writings on Ezekiel [in approximate chronological order]

Rhabanus Maurus (ca. 780-856), "Commentariorum in librum Ezechielem libri viginti", in PL 110, 493-1084 [alternative forms of the name: "Rabanus", "Hrabanus"].

Haimo of Auxerre / Haymon d'Auxerre (fl. 840-860; died ca. 865): Haymonis Autissiodorensis Annotatio libri Iezechielis imperfecta, editio princeps cura et studio Roger Gryson (CCCM 135E – Haymonis Autissiodorensis Opera exegetica, 6; Turnhout: Brepols, 2015).

Rupertus Tuitiensis Abbas [Rupert of Deutz] (ca. 1070-1129), "De Sancta Trinitate et operibus eius libri XLII. Libri XXX-XXXI: In Ezechielem Prophetam libri II", in PL 167, 1419-1498 [on Ezek 1-12 (Liber primus) and 40-48 (Liber secundus)]. Critical ed.: Rupertus Tuitiensis, De Sancta Trinitate et operibus eius, ed. H. Haacke. 4 vol. (CCCM 21-24; Turnhout: Brepols, 1971-1972); the Ezek commentary (books 30-31) is in CCCM 23 (1972) 1643-1737.

Richard of St Victor (fl. 1162-1173), "In Visionem Ezechielis", in PL 196, 527-600 [literal explanation of the visions of the cherubim in Ezek 1 (briefly) and of the temple in Ezek 40-48 (most of the work), with 13 diagrams on the temple].

Andrew of St Victor (ca. 1110-1175): Andreas a Sancto Victore, Opera, VI: Expositio in Ezechielem, ed. M. A. Signer (CCCM 53E; Turnhout: Brepols, 1991) [the commentary stops at Ezek 44].

Dionysius Carthusianus [Denis the Carthusian] (ca. 1402-1471), Enarrationes piae ac eruditae in IIII. Prophetas Maiores: Esaiam, Hieremiam, Ezechielem, Danielem (Coloniae [Köln]: Quentell, 1534). Revised edition: Enarrationes piae ac eruditae in quatuor prophetas (quos vocant) maiores: Isaiam, Ieremiam, eiusque Threnos & Baruch, Ezechielem, Danielem. Recens ad archetypa ipsa, quantum fieri potuit, recognitae: id quod studiosus lector facile animadvertet (Coloniae: ex officina haeredum I. Quentel, 1557).

IV.    Selected works on Ezekiel from 1500 to 1800 [in approximate chronological order]

Oecolampadius, Johannes (1482-1531): In prophetam Ezechielem commentarius D. Ioan. Oecolampadii, per Vuolfgangum Capitonem aeditus (Argentorati [= Strassburg]: apud Matthiam Apiarium, 1534). [from his lectures given in 1527/28, edited after his death by Wolfgang Capito] (digital images here)

Zwingli, Huldrych (1484-1531): Farner, O. – Künzli, E. (eds.), Huldreich Zwinglis sämtliche Werke. Unter Mitwirkung des Zwingli-Vereins in Zürich und mit Unterstützung des schweizerischen Nationalfonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung herausgegeben von Emil Egli et al. Teil 14: Exegetische Schriften, 2: Altes Testament. Die Propheten: Jesaja, Jeremia, Ezechiel, Daniel sowie die 12 Kleinen Propheten (Corpus reformatorum, 101; Zürich: Berichthaus, 1956-1959 / Leipzig: Heinsius, 1959). Reprinted Zürich: Theologischer Verlag, 1982. [The Scholia on Ezekiel are on pp. 685-741]

Calvin, Jean (1509-1564), In viginti prima Ezechielis prophetae capita praelectiones, Joannis Budaei et Caroli Jonuillaei labore et industria exceptae, cum praefatione Theodori Bezae (Genevae: ex officina Francisci Perrini, 1565) [many subsequent printings]. Critical ed.: W. Baum – E. Cunitz – E. Reuss (eds.), Ioanni Calvini Opera quae supersunt omnia. Teil 40: Ioannis Calvini Opera exegetica et homiletica, 18; Ioannis Calvini Praelectiones in Ezechielis prophetae viginti capita priora (Corpus reformatorum, 68; Brunsvigae: Schwetschke, 1889). Reprint: New York: Johnson, 1964. French: Leçons ou commentaires & expositions de M. Jean Calvin, sur les vingt premiers chapitres de révélations du prophète Ezéchiel: qui sont les dernieres leçons qu'il a faites avant sa mort... (Genève: de l'imprimerie de François Perrin, 1565). English: John Calvin, Commentaries on the First Twenty Chapters of the Book of the Prophet Ezekiel. Now first translated from the original Latin, and collated with the French version, by Thomas Myers. 2 vol. (Edinburgh: Calvin Translation Society, 1849-1850). Reprint: (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1948-1949). Online edition here. Another partial English version: Jean Calvin, Ezekiel 1 (Chapters 1-12). Translated from the French by D. Foxgrover and D. Martin. Revised ed. (Calvin's Old Testament Commentaries, 18; Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans; Carlisle: Paternoster, 1994). [apparently the second part never appeared]

Calvin, Jean, Sermons sur le livre des révélations du prophète Ézéchiel chapitres 36-48, ed. E. A. de Boer – B. Nagy (Supplementa Calviniana: Sermons inédits, 10/3; Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 2006).

Pintus [Pinto], Hector (1528-1584): F. Hectoris Pinti Lusitani, Hieronymiani, In Ezechielem prophetam commentaria. Omnia iudicio et correctioni sanctae Romanae & universalis Ecclesiae subiecta sunto (Salmanticae: Apud Ioannem a Canoua, 1568). [several subsequent printings in various places]

Serrano, Petrus [Pedro] (?-1578), Commentaria in Ezechielem prophetam (Antverpiae: ex officina Christophori Plantini, 1572).

Prado, Jerónimo de, S.J. (1547-1595) – Juan Bautista Villalpando S.J. (1552-1608), In Ezechielem explanationes et apparatus urbis, ac templi hierosolymitani. Commentariis et imaginibus illustratus opus tribus tomis distinctum (Roma: ex typographia Aloysij Zannetti, 1596 [vol. 1]] / Roma: Carolus Vulliettus, 1604 / 1605 [vol. 2-3]).

Maldonado, Juan de, S.J. (1533-1583), Commentarij in Prophetas IIII : Ieremiam, Baruch, Ezechielem, & Danielem. Accessit expositio Psalmi CIX. & Epistola de collatione sedanensi cum calvinianis, eodem auctore (Parisiis: H. Cardon, 1610) [first published Lyon 1609, posthumously]. The Ezekiel commentary was reprinted in J.-P. Migne (ed.), Scripturae sacrae cursus completus: ex commentariis omnium perfectissimis ubique habitis et a magna parte episcoporum necnon theologorum Europae catholicae universim ad hoc interrogatorum, designatis unice conflatus..., XIX: In Jeremiam, in Baruch et in Ezechielem commentaria (Paris: Migne, 1840) 645-1016.

Sanctius [Sánchez], Gaspar, S.J. (1554-1628), In Ezechielem & Danielem prophetas commentarij cum paraphrasi (Lugduni: sumptibus Horatii Cardon, 1619).

Lapide, Cornelius a, S.J. (1567-1637), Commentaria in Ezechielem prophetam (Antuerpiae: apud Martinum Nutium & fratres, 1621). [The commentary was reprinted many times in the various collections of A Lapide's commentaries; further details here.]

Greenhill, William (1581-1671), An Exposition ... of the Prophet Ezekiel, with useful observations thereupon. 5 vol. (London: M. Simmons, 1645-1662). One-volume abbreviated edition : An Exposition of the Prophet Ezekiel: with useful observations thereupon. Delivered in several lectures in London, by William Greenhill, A.D. 1650. Revised and corrected by James Sherman (London: Samuel Holdsworth, 1837). [The date "A.D. 1650" is inexact]. This edition was reprinted under the same title several times, e.g. (Edinburgh: J. Nichol, 1863). Facsimile reprint of the 1863 edition: An Exposition of Ezekiel (A Geneva series commentary; Edinburgh – Carlisle, PA: Banner of Truth Trust, 1994).

V.    Selected studies on pre-1800 Christian interpretation of Ezekiel

Beckwith, C. L. (ed.), Ezekiel, Daniel (Reformation Commentary on Scripture, Old Testament, 12; Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2012).

Boer, E. A. de, John Calvin on the Visions of Ezekiel: Historical and Hermeneutical Studies in John Calvin's "Sermons inédits", especially on Ezek. 36-48 (Kerkhistorische Bijdragen, 21; Leiden: Brill, 2004). [Besides the main topic of the monograph, the four opening chapters (19-101) present a useful survey of the study of Ezekiel from Patristic times up to Calvin.]

Contreni, J. J., "Haimo of Auxerre's Commentary on Ezechiel", in D. Iogna-Prat – C. Jeudy – G. Lobrichon (eds.), L'École carolingienne d'Auxerre, de Muretach à Remi (830-908). Entretiens d'Auxerre 1989 (Paris: Beauchesne, 1991) 229-242.

Dassmann, E., "Hesekiel", RAC 14 (1988) 1132-1191.

Delano-Smith, C., "Maps and Plans in Medieval Exegesis: Richard of St. Victor's 'In visionem Ezechielis'", in E. A. Matter – L. Smith (eds.), From Knowledge to Beatitude: St. Victor, Twelfth-Century Scholars, and Beyond. Essays in Honor of Grover A. Zinn, Jr. (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2013) 1-45.

Donzel, E. J. van – A. B. Schmidt, Gog and Magog in Early Eastern Christian and Islamic Sources: Sallam's Quest for Alexander's Wall. With a contribution by Claudia Ott (Brill's Inner Asian Library, 22; Leiden: Brill, 2009).

Duguid, I. M., "Ezekiel: History of Interpretation", in M. J. Boda – J. G. McConville (eds.), Dictionary of the Old Testament: Prophets (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2012) 229-235. [presents the post-1800 period too]

Galambush, J. G., "Ezekiel, Book of", in J. H. Hayes (ed.), Dictionary of Biblical Interpretation (Nashville, TN: Abingdon, 1999) I (A-J) 372-375. [presents the post-1800 period too]

Garstad, B., "Nebuchadnezzar's Siege of Tyre in Jerome's 'Commentary on Ezekiel'", Vigiliae Christianae 70 (2016) 175-192.

Harvey, J., "Ézéchiel", DSpir IV/2 (1961) 2204-2220, esp. 2218-2220 [on early commentaries].

Hauspie, K., "Theodoret of Cyrus's Philological Remarks in his Commentary to Ezekiel", in M. K. H. Peters (ed.), XIII Congress of the International Organization for Septuagint and Cognate Studies, Ljubljana, 2007 (SBLSCS 55; Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature, 2008) 155-165.

Joyce, P. M., "Ezekiel", in M. Lieb – E. Mason – J. Roberts (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the Reception History of the Bible (Oxford Handbooks; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011) 64-76.

Joyce, P., et al., "Ezekiel (Book and Person)", EBR 8 (2014) 582-617. Details: I. Hebrew Bible / Old Testament (P. Joyce) 582-590; II. New Testament (S. Moyise) 590-591; III. Judaism (M. Popović – G. Stemberger – D. Davies – R. Friedman) 592-604; IV. Christianity (A. Mein) 604-607; V. Islam (S. Burge) 607-608; VI. Literature (A. Mein) 608-610; VII. Visual Arts (O. Z. Soltes) 611-613; VIII. Music (S. R. Havsteen) 613-615; IX. Film (S. Gravett) 615-617.

Kessler, S. C., Gregor der Große als Exeget. Eine theologische Interpretation der Ezechielhomilien (Innsbrucker theologische Studien, 43; Innsbruck: Tyrolia, 1995).

Mein, A. – P. M. Joyce (eds.), After Ezekiel: Essays on the Reception of a Difficult Prophet (LHB/OTS 535; New York & London: T & T Clark, 2011).

Mein, A., "Ezekiel’s Women in Christian Interpretation: The Case of Ezekiel 16", in A. Mein – P. M. Joyce (eds.), After Ezekiel: Essays on the Reception of a Difficult Prophet (LHB/OTS 535; New York & London: T & T Clark, 2011) 159-183.

Neuss, W., Die Entwicklung der theologischen Auffassung des Buches Ezechiel bis zur Zeit der Frühscholastik (Münster in Westf.: Aschendorff, 1911). [partial publication of his Bonn dissertation (1911)]

Neuss, W., Das Buch Ezechiel in Theologie und Kunst bis zum Ende des XII. Jahrhunderts: mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Gemälde in der Kirche zu Schwarzrheindorf. Ein Beitrag zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Typologie der Christlichen, vornehmlich in den Benediktinerklöstern (Beiträge zur Geschichte des Alten Mönchtums und des Benediktinerordens, 1-2; Münster in Westf.: Aschendorff, 1912).

Sawyer, J. F. A., "Ezekiel in the History of Christianity", in A. Mein – P. M. Joyce (eds.), After Ezekiel: Essays on the Reception of a Difficult Prophet (LHB/OTS 535; New York & London: T & T Clark, 2011) 1-9.

Signer, M. A., "Vision and History: Nicholas of Lyra on the Prophet Ezekiel," in P. D. W. Krey – L. J. Smith (eds.), Nicholas of Lyra: The Senses of Scripture (Studies in the History of Christian Thought, 90; Leiden: Brill, 2000) 147-171.

Slotemaker, J. T., "'"Fuisse in Forma Hominis" Belongs to Christ Alone': John Calvin's Trinitarian Hermeneutics in His Lectures on Ezekiel", SJT 68 (2015) 421-436.

Stevenson, K. – M. Glerup (eds.), Ezekiel, Daniel. With introduction to Daniel by C. T. McCollough (Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture. Old Testament, 13; Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2008); = Ezechiele, Daniele. Edizione italiana a cura di I. Maggiulli; introduzione generale di A. Di Bernardino (La Bibbia commentata dai Padri. Antico Testamento, 12; Roma: Città Nuova, 2010).