Biblical Bibliographies
Charles Conroy [www.cjconroy.net]



Geography of Israel / Palestine: General Works



[see also:  Jerusalem]



The bibliography is divided into four sections as follows:

I.    Atlases (printed)

Aharoni, Y. – M. Avi-Yonah, The Macmillan Bible Atlas. Prepared by Carta, Jerusalem (New York: Macmillan, 11968, 21977, 31993). The third edition was described as "completely revised by A. F. Rainey and Z. Safrai". The following translations were made from the second edition: Der Bibelatlas. Die Geschichte des Heiligen Landes 3000 Jahre vor Christus bis 200 Jahre nach Christus (Hamburg: Hoffmann und Campe, 1982); Atlante della Bibbia (Casale Monferrato: Piemme, 1987); La Bible par les cartes (Turnhout: Brepols, 1991). The Brazilian translation was made from the third edition: Atlas Bíblico (Rio de Janeiro: Casa Publicadora das Assembléias de Deus, 1999). [see the next item for later English editions]

Aharoni, Y. – M. Avi-Yonah – A. F. Rainey – Z. Safrai – R. S. Notley, The Carta Bible Atlas. Fifth revised and updated edition (Jerusalem: Carta, 2011). This work is the continuation of the Macmillan Bible Atlas (see above). The new title was introduced in the fourth edition: Aharoni, Y. – M. Avi-Yonah – A. F. Rainey – Z. Safrai, The Carta Bible Atlas. Fourth edition (Jerusalem: Carta, 2002)

Bahat, D., The Illustrated Atlas of Jerusalem. With the participation of Ch. T. Rubinstein (Jerusalem: Carta; New York: Simon & Schuster, 1990). The Hebrew original was published by Carta in 1989. A second festive edition (for "Jerusalem 3000") was published in 1996 without major changes. For the third edition under the title The Carta Jerusalem Atlas, see below.

Bahat, D., The Atlas of Biblical Jerusalem (Jerusalem: Carta, 1994) [excerpted from the preceding work]; = Der Atlas des Biblischen Jerusalems (Jerusalem: Carta, 1994).

Bahat, D., The Carta Jerusalem Atlas. Third updated and expanded edition (Jerusalem: Carta, 2011); = Atlante di Gerusalemme (Bibbia e Terra Santa, 5; Padova: Messaggero , 2011). [this is the third edition of the 1989/1990 work noted above]

Beitzel, B. J. (ed.), Biblica: The Bible Atlas: A Social and Historical Journey Through the Lands of the Bible (Lane Cove, NSW: Global Book Publishing, 2006; Hauppauge, NY: Barrons Educational Series, 2007).

Beitzel, B. J., The New Moody Atlas of the Bible (Chicago: Moody Press, 2009). [A substantial revision of his The Moody Atlas of Bible Lands (Chicago: Moody Press, 1985); the 2009 work is available in BibleWorks 9]. German: Beitzel, B. J., Großer Atlas zur Bibel (Witten: SCM R. Brockhaus, 2013).

Ben-Dov, M., Historical Atlas of Jerusalem. Translated from the original Hebrew by David Louvish (New York: Continuum, 2002).

Bowker, J., The Aerial Atlas of the Holy Land. Photography by S. Halliday and B. Knox (London: Mitchell Beazley, 2008).

Brisco, T. V., Holman Bible Atlas: A Complete Guide to the Expansive Geography of Biblical History (Holman Reference; Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman, 1998).

Cleave, R. – A. Cleave – J. K. Hall – G. Agranov – C. Gotsman, The Holy Land Satellite Atlas. Volume 1: Terrain Recognition. Volume 2: The Regions (Nicosia, Cyprus: Rohr [Røhr] Productions, 1999) (accompanied by a 3-D Animation CD of the Holy Land). German version of Vol. 2 (only): Satelliten-Atlas des Heiligen Landes (Holzgerlingen: SCM Hänssler, 2004). [Some of the satellite maps were included, in a modified smaller format, in the print and electronic versions of the NET Bible (see the Links below)]

Cucca, M. – G. Perego, Nuovo atlante biblico interdisciplinare: scrittura, storia, geografia, archeologia e teologia a confronto (Guida alla Bibbia; Cinisello Balsamo [MI]: San Paolo, 2012).

Currid, J. D. – D. P. Barrett, Crossway ESV Bible Atlas (Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2010). [also available as an eBook]

Curtis, A. (ed.), Oxford Bible Atlas, 4th edition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007). [see s.v. May for the 3rd edition]

Frank, H. T. – J. M. Monson, et al., Student Map Manual. Historical Geography of the Bible Lands (Jerusalem: Pictorial Archive [Near Eastern History] Est.; Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1979: reprinted 1983).

Galbiati, E. – F. Serafini, Atlante storico della Bibbia. Prefazione di Gianfranco Ravasi (Milano: JACA Book, 2004); = Atlas histórico de la Biblia (Nueva Imagen; Madrid: Ediciones San Pablo, 2004). Preceding edition: Galbiati, E. R. – A. Aletti, Atlante storico della Bibbia e dell'Antico Oriente: dalla preistoria alla caduta di Gerusalemme nell'anno 70 d.C. (Enciclopedie per tutti, 7; Milano: Massimo, 1983); = Atlas Histórico da Bíblia e do Antigo Oriente. Da Pré-História à Queda de Jerusalém no Ano de 70 d.C. (Petrópolis: Vozes, 1991).

Grollenberg, L. H., Atlas of the Bible. Translated and edited by Joyce M. H. Reid and H. H. Rowley (London: Nelson, 1956 [and subsequent reprints]). Dutch original: Atlas van de Bijbel (Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1954); = Atlas de la Bible (Paris: Elsevier, 1955).

Guthe, H., Bibelatlas in 21 Haupt- und 30 Nebenkarten. Zweite, vermehrte und umgearbeitete Auflage (Leipzig: Wagner & Debes, 1926). First edition: Bibelatlas in 20 Haupt- und 28 Nebenkarten (Leipzig: Wagner & Debes, 1911).

Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (Maplewood, NJ: Hammond World Atlas Corporation, 2007).

Har-El, M. – P. H. Wright, Understanding the Geography of the Bible: An Introductory Atlas (Jerusalem: Carta, 2005).

Isbouts, J.-P., The Biblical World: An Illustrated Atlas. Foreword by Bruce Chilton (Washington, D.C.: National Geographic, 2007).

Lawrence, P., The Lion Atlas of Bible History (Oxford: Lion Hudson, 2006); USA edition: The IVP Atlas of Bible History (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2006); = Atlas histórico de la Biblia (Zaragoza: Edelvives, 2006); = Der große Atlas zur Welt der Bibel: Länder, Völker, Kulturen. Herausgegeben von A. Millard, H. von Siebenthal, J. Walton (Giessen & Basel: Brunnen; Innsbruck: Tyrolia, 2007); = Atlante storico-geografico della Bibbia (Leumann [Torino]: Elledici; Padova: Messaggero, 2010).

May, H. G. – G. N. S. Hunt – R. W. Hamilton – J. Day, Oxford Bible Atlas (Oxford / New York / Toronto: Oxford University Press, 31984); = Atlas Biblico Oxford (Estella [Navarra]: Verbo Divino / Madrid: Ediciones Paulinas, 1988). [see s.v. Curtis for the 4th edition]

Mittmann, S. – G. Schmitt (eds.), Tübinger Bibelatlas auf der Grundlage des Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients (TAVO) / Tübingen Bible Atlas based on the Tübingen Atlas of the Near and Middle East (Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 2001).

Nebenzahl, K., Maps of the Bible Lands: Images of Terra Sancta through Two Millennia (London: Times Books, 1986); = Atlas zum Heiligen Land. Karten der Terra Sancta durch zwei Jahrtausende (Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 1995).

Perego, G., Atlante biblico interdisciplinare. Scrittura, storia, geografia, archeologia e teologia a confronto (Cinisello Balsamo [MI]: Edizioni San Paolo, 1998, 42007); = Atlas bíblico interdisciplinar. Escritura, historia, geografía, arqueología y teología confrontadas (Madrid: San Pablo, 1999); = Interdisciplinary Atlas of the Bible: Scripture, History, Geography, Archaeology and Theology (London: St Pauls Publishing, 1999 / Staten Island, NY: Alba House, 2000); = Atlas Bíblico Interdisciplinar (São Paulo: Paulus / Ed. Santuário, 2001); = Perego, G. – K. Stopa, Przewodnik po świecie Biblii : Pismo Święte, geografia, archeologia i teologia w konfrontacji ze sobą (Częstochowa: Święty Paweł, 2001). [new Italian edition (2012) see above s.v. Cucca]

Piccirillo, M. (ed.), La terra del Messaggio. Per un atlante di geografia biblica (Leumann [Torino]: ElleDiCi, 1991).

Pritchard, J. B. (gen. ed.), The Times Atlas of the Bible (London: Times Books, 1987); in the U.S.A. and Canada, entitled Harper's Atlas of the Bible (New York: Harper & Row, 1987); = Herders Grosser Bibelatlas, hrsg. von O. Keel u. M. Küchler (Freiburg i.B.: Herder, 1989); = Atlas du monde biblique – Larousse, The Times (trad. et adapté de l'anglais par Denis-Armand Canal et Anne Féménias; Paris: Larousse, 1989); = Atlante del mondo biblico (Leumann [Torino]: Elle Di Ci, 1991).

Pritchard, J. B. (ed.), The HarperCollins Atlas of Bible History (New York: HarperCollins / HarperOne, 2008).

Rainey, A. F. – R. S. Notley, The Sacred Bridge: Carta's Atlas of the Biblical World. With contributions by J. Uzziel, I. Shai, B. Schultz (Jerusalem: Carta, 2005 [©2006]).

Rainey, A. F. – R. S. Notley, Carta's New Century Handbook and Atlas of the Bible (Jerusalem: Carta, 2007). [an abbreviated version of the preceding title]

Rasmussen, C. G., Zondervan Atlas of the Bible. Second edition (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2010). First edition: Zondervan NIV Atlas of the Bible (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1989); = Historisch-geografischer Atlas zur Bibel (Neuhausen-Stuttgart: Hänssler, 11997, 32002).

Rogerson, J. W., The New Atlas of the Bible (London: Macdonald, 1985; New York: Facts on File, 1986); = Nouvel Atlas de la Bible (Turnhout: Brepols, 1985); = Land der Bibel: Geschichte – Kunst – Lebensformen (Weltatlas der alten Kulturen; München: Christian-Verlag, 1985); = Atlante della Bibbia (Novara: Istituto Geografico De Agostini, 1988); = Atlas van de Bijbel (Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1988); = Bíblia. Os Caminhos de Deus I-II (Coleção Grandes Impérios e Civilizações; Madrid: Ediciones del Prado, 1996).

Schlegel, W., Satellite Bible Atlas (2013). (order online here

Smith, G. A., Atlas of the Historical Geography of the Holy Land. Designed and edited by George Adam Smith and prepared under the direction of J.G. Bartholomew (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1915). Revised second edition: Historical Atlas of the Holy Land (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1936).

Staubli, T., Biblische Welten. Ein Bildatlas. Unter Mitarbeit von Othmar Keel, Max Küchler und Christoph Uehlinger (Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 2000).

Strange, J. (ed.), Stuttgarter Bibelatlas. Historische Karten der biblischen Welt. 3., neu bearb. Aufl. (Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1998) [1st ed. 1989; 2nd ed. 1992]; = Bible Atlas (New York: American Bible Society, 1999); = Atlas biblique: un aperçu cartographique du monde de la Bible (Bruxelles: Société biblique francophone de Belgique, 2000). Original Danish edition: Bibelatlas (Copenhagen: Det Danske Bibelselskab, 1989, 42007).

Wright, G. E. – F. V. Filson (eds.), The Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible. With an introductory article by William Foxwell Albright. Revised edition (Westminster Aids to the Study of the Scriptures, 2; Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1956; London: SCM, 1957). [1st ed. 1945 / 1946]

Zwickel, W., Calwer Bibelatlas (Stuttgart: Calwer, 2000).

Zwickel, W. – R. Egger-Wenzel – M. Ernst (eds.), Herders neuer Bibelatlas (Freiburg im Breisgau: Herder, 2013).

II.    Atlases (electronic: offline and online)

1.   Offline resources

The three major Bible software programs all have various map resources in their current versions:

Accordance (vers. 11): the "Accordance Bible Atlas" (vers. 2.2) is included in the three more expensive Collections but not in the lower ones; it can also be bought separately. Various other Bible Atlases are available too, including The Sacred Bridge (eds. A. F. Rainey and R. S. Notley: see above).

BibleWorks (vers. 10): the basic program includes the "BibleWorks Map Module", the "ESV Concise Bible Atlas" (2012; an abbreviated version of Currid & Barrett 2010 above), and the "NET Bible Maps" (see the Links below). The full version of Currid & Barrett 2010 can be bought as an add-on module. For new purchasers of BibleWorks 10 (released in April 2015) the "Moody Bible Atlas" (see above s.v. Beitzel 2009) is no longer included in the base package, but those who upgrade from BW 9 will still be able to use the Moody Atlas which was included as standard in BW 9.

Logos Bible Software (vers. 6): the following Atlas products are available as purchasable items (or as part of various Base Packages): the "IVP New Bible Atlas", the "Zondervan Atlas of the Bible" (see above s.v. Rasmussen 2010), the "Holman Bible Atlas" (see above s.v. Brisco 1998), and "Nelson’s Complete Book of Bible Maps & Charts: Old and New Testaments (rev. ed. 1996). Logos 6 includes a new set of "Logos Bible Maps" (in 3 vols.) which is still a work in progress.

2.   Online resources   (see also the Links below)

Digital Archaeological Atlas of the Holy Land (DAAHL): The Digital Archaeological Atlas of the Holy Land (DAAHL)  is an international project that brings together experts in information technology including Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and the archaeology of the Holy Land (modern Israel, Palestine, Jordan, southern Lebanon, Syria and the Sinai Peninsula) to create the first on-line digital atlas of the region held sacred to the three great monotheistic faiths – Judaism, Christianity and Islam. For further information see S. H. Savage – T. E. Levy, "DAAHL – The Digital Archaeological Atlas of the Holy Land: A Model for Mediterranean and World Archaeology", NEA 77 (2014) 243-247.

III.    Selected studies on the geography of Israel/Palestine

Abel, F.-M., Géographie de la Palestine, I: Géographie physique et historique; II: Géographie politique. Les villes (EtBib; Paris: Gabalda, 1933 / 1938: a reprint in 1967 was labelled as "Troisième édition").

Aharoni, Y., The Land of the Bible. A Historical Geography. Second revised edition, edited by A. F. Rainey (London: Burns & Oates, 21979 [11967]); = Das Land der Bibel (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1984).

Avi-Yonah, M. – A. Rainey, The Holy Land: A Historical Geography from the Persian to the Arab Conquest (536 B.C. – A.D. 640) (Jerusalem: Carta, 2002). [reprint of the first edition of 1966, which was last reprinted in 1979, with text revisions and a new toponymic index by A. Rainey; foreword by Y. Tsafrir]

Baly, D., The Geography of the Bible. New and revised edition (New York: Harper; Guildford and London: Lutterworth Press, 21974). [11957]

Baruchi-Unna, A., "Geography of Biblical Land of Israel", in A. Berlin – M. Z. Brettler (eds.), The Jewish Study Bible, Jewish Publication Society TANAKH Translation. Second edition (Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press, 2014) 2119-2124.

Brown, R. E. – R. North, "Biblical Geography", in R. E. Brown – J. A. Fitzmyer – R. E. Murphy (eds.), The New Jerome Biblical Commentary (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1990) §73 (pp. 1175-1195); = "Geografia biblica", Nuovo Grande Commentario Biblico (Brescia: Queriniana, 1997) 1546-1573.

Cohen, R. – G. Schmitt, Drei Studien zur Archäologie und Topographie Altisraels (Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients. B, Geisteswissenschaften, 44; Wiesbaden: Reichert, 1980).

Dorsey, D. A., The Roads and Highways of Ancient Israel (The ASOR Library of Biblical and Near Eastern Archaeology; Baltimore: Johns Hopkins U.P, 1991).

Du Buit, M., Géographie de la Terre Sainte. 2 vol. (Paris: Cerf, 1958).

Elitzur, Y., Ancient Place Names in the Holy Land: Preservation and History (Jerusalem: Magnes Press; Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2004).

Eusebius Caesariensis, Onomasticon: The Place Names of Divine Scripture. Including the Latin of Jerome. Translated into English and with Topographical Commentary by R. Steven Notley and Ze'ev Safrai (Jewish and Christian Perspectives, 9; Leiden: Brill, 2005).

Galil, G. – M. Weinfeld (eds.), Studies in Historical Geography and Biblical Historiography Presented to Zecharia Kallai (VTSup 81; Leiden: Brill, 2000).

Gibson, S., Jerusalem in Original Photographs 1850-1920. Photographs from the Archives of the Palestine Exploration Fund (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2003).

González Echegaray, J., et al., La Biblia en su entorno (Introducción al estudio de la Biblia, 1; Estella [Navarra]: Verbo Divino, 1990); = La Bibbia nel suo contesto (Introduzione allo studio della Bibbia, 1; Brescia: Paideia, 1994); O Crescente Fértil e a Bíblia (Petrópolis: Vozes, 1995).

Har-El, M., Landscape, Nature, and Man in the Bible. Sites and Events in the Old Testament (Jerusalem: Carta, 2003).

Hübner, U. (ed.), Palaestina exploranda. Studien zur Erforschung Palästinas im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert anläßlich des 125jährigen Bestehens des Deutschen Vereins zur Erforschung Palästinas (Abhandlungen des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins, 34; Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2006).

Kallai, Z., Historical Geography of the Bible: The Tribal Territories of Israel (Jerusalem: The Magnes Press, Hebrew University, 1986).

Kallai, Z., Biblical Historiography and Historical Geography. Collection of Studies (BEATAJ 44; Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 1998).

Kallai, Z., Studies in Biblical Historiography and Geography: Collection of Studies (BEATAJ 56; Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 2010).

Kaswalder, P. A., Onomastica Biblica. Fonti scritte e ricerca archeologica (Studium Biblicum Franciscanum. Collectio Minor, 40; Jerusalem: Franciscan Printing Press, 2002).

Kaswalder, P. A., La terra della promessa: elementi di geografia biblica (Collectio minor / Studium Biblicum Franciscanum, 44; Jerusalem: Franciscan Printing Press; Milano: Terra Santa, 2010).

Keel, O. – M. Küchler – C. Uehlinger, Orte und Landschaften der Bibel. Ein Handbuch und Studien-Reiseführer zum Heiligen Land. Band 1: Geographisch-geschichtliche Landeskunde; Band 2: Der Süden (Einsiedeln – Zürich – Köln: Benziger; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1984 [I], 1982 [II]). [for the two Jerusalem volumes by Keel and Küchler respectively see here]

Na'aman, N., Borders and Districts in Biblical Historiography. Seven Studies in Biblical Geographical Lists (Jerusalem Biblical Studies, 4; Jerusalem: Simor, 1986).

North, R., A History of Biblical Map Making (Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients. B, Geisteswissenschaften, 32; Wiesbaden: Reichert, 1979).

Orni, E. – E. Efrat, Geography of Israel. Fourth revised edition (Jerusalem: Israel Universitites Press, 1980).

Raphael, C. N. – P. S. Alexander, "Geography and the Bible: Geography of Palestine; Early Jewish Geography", ABD II 964-977.977-988.

Reeg, G., Die Ortsnamen Israels nach der rabbinischen Literatur (Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients. B, Geisteswissenschaften, 51; Wiesbaden: Reichert, 1989).

Rogerson, J. – P. R. Davies, The Old Testament World. Completely revised and expanded edition (London: T & T Clark, 2005). [1st ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989]

Schmitt, G., Siedlungen Palästinas in griechisch-römischer Zeit: Ostjordanland, Negeb und (in Auswahl) Westjordanland (Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients. B, Geisteswissenschaften, 93; Wiesbaden: Reichert, 1995).

Smith, G. A., The Historical Geography of the Holy Land. 25th ed. revised throughout (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1931). [1st ed. 1894; since 1931 there have been several reprinted editions by various publishers]

Vos, H. F., The Wycliffe Historical Geography of Bible Lands. New edition (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2003). [1st ed. by C. F. Pfeiffer and H. F. Vos, [same title] Chicago: Moody Press, 1967]

Wüst, M., Untersuchungen zu den siedlungsgeographischen Texten des Alten Testaments, I: Ostjordanland (Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients. B, Geisteswissenschaften, 9; Wiesbaden: Reichert, 1975).

Zwickel, W., Eisenzeitliche Ortslagen im Ostjordanland (Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients. B, Geisteswissenschaften, 81; Wiesbaden: Reichert, 1990).

Zwickel, W., Einführung in die biblische Landes- und Altertumskunde (Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 2002).

Zwickel, W., "Von der Schwierigkeit, eine historische Ortslage zu lokalisieren. Ein einführender Beitrag zur historischen Topographie", in C. Bohrer (ed.), BibleWorld: Google Earth in religionspädagogischen Vermittlungszusammenhängen (DWV-Schriften zur Theologie, 6; Baden-Baden: Deutscher Wissenschaftsverlag, 2011) 33-48. Reprinted [same title] in W. Zwickel, Studien zur Geschichte Israels (SBAB 59; Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 2015) 251-266.

IV.    Links to some relevant sites

1.   With particular reference to the Bible

Bible Land Maps  [a collection of over 130 maps relevant to OT and NT studies and their respective backgrounds; the entire set can also be found on a single huge webpage here]

Bible Places (Todd Bolen)  [photographs and descriptions of sites in Israel, Jordan, Egypt, Turkey and Greece]

Bible Walks  [many sites in the Holy Land are presented, with excellent photos and useful historical notes]

Biblical and Historical Maps for Bible Study 

Carta Map Bank: Digital Map Collection  [Carta Map Bank features top-quality Israel, Bible & Holyland maps that can be licensed for serious uses. Maps are available for use in print or digital format for scholars, students, authors, etc. to be used in publications, books, periodicals, newspapers, video and multimedia programs and web sites.]

Digital Resources for Biblical Mapping (Mark Vitalis Hoffman) 

NET Bible Maps  [excellent maps that accompany the NET Bible  ("New English Translation"); see Cleave above; also available in BibleWorks 9]

Online Bible Atlas 

2.   Of more general geographical interest

Ancient Atlas links  [maps and geography of the ancient world]

Historical Map Web Sites (Univ. of Texas): Middle East  [part of the huge Perry-Castañeda map collection]