Biblical Bibliographies
Charles Conroy [www.cjconroy.net]



Orality, Oral Literature, and Folklore Studies



[see also:  Literacy and Writing]



The bibliography is divided into three main sections as follows:

I.    Orality, oral literature, oral tradition

1.   General studies

Bauman, R., Story, Performance and Event: Contextual Studies of Oral Narrative (Cambridge Studies in Oral and Literate Culture, 10; Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986).

Beardsley, M. C., "Aspects of Orality: A Short Commentary", New Literary History 8,3 (Spring 1977) 521-530. [NLH 8,3 was a special number dedicated to "Oral Cultures and Oral Performances"]

Bernardi, B. – C. Poni – A. Triulzi (eds.), Fonti orali, antropologia e storia – Oral Sources, Anthropology and History – Sources orales, anthropologie et histoire (Collana di antropologia culturale e sociale, Serie "Studi e ricerche", 7; Milano: Angeli, 1978).

Bradshaw, J., "Oral Transmission and Human Memory", ExpTim 92 (1981) 303-307.

Finnegan, R., Oral Literature in Africa: Backgrounds, Character, and Continuity (London: Clarendon; Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1970).

Finnegan, R., "Literacy versus Non-Literacy: The Great Divide?", in R. Horton – R. Finnegan (eds.), Modes of Thought: Essays on Thinking in Western and Non-Western Societies (London: Faber and Faber, 1973) 112-144.

Finnegan, R., "How Oral is Oral Literature?", BSOAS 37 (1974) 52-64.

Finnegan, R., Oral Poetry: Its Nature, Significance, and Social Context (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977). Reissued with a new preface by the author: [same title], (Midland Book, 708; Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1992).

Finnegan, R., Literacy and Orality: Studies in the Technology of Communication (Oxford: Blackwell, 1988).

Foley, J. M., The Theory of Oral Composition: History and Methodology (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1988).

Foley, J. M., "Plenitude and Diversity: Interactions Between Orality and Writing", in A. Weissenrieder – R. B. Coote (eds.), The Interface of Orality and Writing: Speaking, Seeing, Writing in the Shaping of New Genres (WUNT I /260; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2010) 103-118.

Goody, J., The Interface between the Written and the Oral (Studies in Literacy, the Family, Culture and the State; Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987).

Graham, W. A., Beyond the Written Word: Oral Aspects of Scripture in the History of Religion (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987).

Jason, H. – D. Segal (eds.), Patterns in Oral Literature (World Anthropology; The Hague and Paris: Mouton, 1977).

Jolles, A., Einfache Formen: Legende, Sage, Mythe, Rätsel, Spruch, Kasus, Memorabile, Märchen, Witz (Forschungsinstitut für neuere Philologie, Sächsische Forschungsinstitute in Leipzig, Heft 2; Halle [Saale]: Max Niemeyer, 1930 [with many subsequent unchanged reprints]; = Formes simples (Poétique 5; Paris: Éditions du Seuil, 1972) [reprint 1991]; = Forme semplici: leggende sacre e profane – mito – enigma – sentenza – caso memorabile – fiaba – scherzo. Premessa di Giorgio Dolfini (Studi di linguistica e teoria letteraria, 6; Milano: Ugo Mursia, 1980); = Eenvoudige vormen: legende, sage, mythe, raadsel, spreuk, casus, memorabile, sprookje, grap (Delft: Eburon, 2009).

Jousse, M., Études de psychologie linguistique: le style oral, rythmique et mnémotechnique chez les verbo-moteurs (Paris: Beauchesne, 1925).

Kelber, W. H. "Modalities of Communication, Cognition, and Physiology of Perception: Orality, Rhetoric", Semeia 65 (1994) 193-212.

Kellogg, R., "Literature, Nonliterature, and Oral Tradition", New Literary History 8,3 (Spring 1977) 531-534.

Lord, A. B., The Singer of Tales (Harvard Studies in Comparative Literature, 24; Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1960). Second edition [same title and series] with a new introduction by Stephen Mitchell and Gregory Nagy and a CD with audio and video material (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2000). [The CD contains the original audio recording of all the passages of heroic songs quoted in the book, a video publication of the kinescopic filming of the most valued of the singers, and selected photographs taken during Milman Parry's collecting trips in the Balkans.]

Mazzoleni, G., "Oralità 'mitica', oralità 'storica'", Studi e materiali di storia delle religioni 49 (1983) 303-307; 50 (1984) 293-318.

Olson, D. R. – N. Torrance (eds.), Literacy and Orality (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991).

Ong, W. J., Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the Word (New Accents; London: Methuen, 1982) [from 1988 onwards the series was published by Routledge]; = Oralità e scrittura: le tecnologie della parola (Bologna: Il Mulino, 1986). Second edition [same title]: (New Accents; London & New York: Routledge, 2002). Third edition: Ong, W. J. – J. Hartley, Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the Word. Third edition with the full text of Ong's work together with additional chapters by John Hartley (New York: Routledge, 2013).

Silberman, L. H., "Introduction: Reflections on Orality, Aurality and Perhaps More", Semeia 39 (1987) 1-6. [The whole number was dedicated to: "Orality, Aurality and Biblical Narrative"; its focus was on the impact of the theses of W. H. Kelber on NT studies.]

Spencer-Miller, A., "Rethinking Orality for Biblical Studies", in R. Boer (ed.), Postcolonialism and the Hebrew Bible: The Next Step (Semeia Studies, 70; Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature, 2013) 35-68.

Stolz, B. A. – R. S. Shannon (eds.), Oral Literature and the Formula (Ann Arbor, MI: Center for the Coordination of Ancient and Modern Studies, The University of Michigan, 1976).

Swanepoel, C. F., "Orality and Literariness: The Interface of Values", JNSL 20 (1994) 143-154.

Tannen, D. (ed.), Spoken and Written Language: Exploring Orality and Literacy (Advances in Discourse Processes, 9; Norwood, NJ: Ablex, 1982).

Thompson, P., The Voice of the Past: Oral History. Third revised edition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000). [First published (same title and publishers) 1978; second revised edition 1988.]

Vansina, J., De la tradition orale: essai de méthode historique (Tervuren: Musée Royale de l'Afrique Centrale, 1961); = Oral Tradition. A Study in Historical Methodology (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul; Chicago: Aldine, 1965). Paperback ed.: Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1973. Reprinted with a new preface by the author [p. x] and a new introduction by S. Leydesdorff and E. Tonkin [xi-xvi] (New Brunswick, NJ and London: Aldine Transaction, 2006).

Vansina, J., La légende du passé: traditions orales du Burundi (Archief voor antropologie / Archives d'Anthropologie, 16; Tervuren: Musée royal de l'Afrique central, 1972).

Vansina, J., Oral Tradition as History (Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press; London: Currey, 1985).

Wittig, S., "Theories of Formulaic Narrative", Semeia 5 (1976) 65-91.

2.   Ancient Greece

Havelock, E. A., The Literate Revolution in Greece and Its Cultural Consequences (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1982).

Havelock, E. A., "The Preliteracy of the Greeks", New Literary History 8,3 (Spring 1977) 369-391.

Thomas, R., Oral Tradition and Written Records in Classical Athens (Cambridge Studies in Oral and Literate Cultures, 18; Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989).

3.   Ancient Near Eastern and Classical Arabic sources

Afanasjeva, V., "Mündliche überlieferte Dichtung ("Oral Poetry') und schriftliche Literatur in Mesopotamien", in J. Harmatta – G. Komoroczy (eds.), Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft im alten Vorderasien (Budapest: Akademiai Kiado, 1976) 121-136.

Aitken, K. T., "Oral Formulaic Composition and Theme in the Aqhat Narrative", UF 21 (1989) 1-16.

Alster, B., "Interaction of Oral and Written Poetry in Early Mesopotamian Literature", in M. E. Vogelzang – H. L. J. Vanstiphout (eds.), Mesopotamian Epic Literature: Oral or Aural? (Lewiston: Edwin Mellen, 1992) 23-69.

Jacobsen, T., "Oral to Written", in M. A. Dandamayev – N. J. Postgate – M. T. Larsen (eds.), Societies and Languages of the Ancient Near East. Studies in Honour of I. M. Diakonoff (Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 1982) 129-137.

Laessøe, J., "Literary and Oral Tradition in Ancient Mesopotamia", in F. Hvidberg (ed.), Studia orientalia Ioanni Pedersen septuagenario A.D. VII id. nov. anno MCMLIII a collegis discipulis amicis dicata (Hauniae [= Copenhagen]: Munksgaard, 1953) 204-218.

Millar, W. R., "Oral Poetry and Dumuzi's Dream", in C. D. Evans – W. W. Hallo – J. B. White (eds.), Scripture in Context. Essays on the Comparative Method (Pittsburgh Theological Monograph Series, 34; Pittsburgh, PA: Pickwick Press, 1980) 27-58.

Toorn, K. van der, "Old Babylonian Prophecy between the Oral and the Written", JNSL 24 (1998) 55-70.

Toorn, K. van der, "From the Oral to the Written: The Case of Old Babylonian Prophecy", in E. Ben Zvi – M. H. Floyd (eds.), Writings and Speech in Israelite and Ancient Near Eastern Prophecy (SBLSymS 10; Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature, 2000) 219-234.

Vidal, J., "King Lists and Oral Transmission. From History to Memory", UF 32 (2000) 555-566.

Vogelzang, M. E. – H. L. J. Vanstiphout (eds.), Mesopotamian Epic Literature: Oral or Aural? (Lewiston: Edwin Mellen, 1992).

Zwettler, M., The Oral Tradition of Classical Arabic Poetry: Its Character and Implications (Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press, 1978), esp. 3-39 [= Chap. 1: Oral Tradition and Traditional Texts: Questions of Application].

4.   With specific reference to the Old Testament / Hebrew Bible

Ahlström, G. W., "Oral and Written Transmission: Some Considerations", HTR 59 (1966) 69-81.

Barstad, H. M., "Eduard Nielsen's Oral Tradition Sixty Years After", SJOT 27 (2013) 8-21.

Carr, D. M., "Orality, Textuality, and Memory: The State of Biblical Studies", in B. B. Schmidt (ed.), Contextualizing Israel's Sacred Writings: Ancient Literacy, Orality, and Literary Production (SBLAIL 22; Atlanta, GA: SBL Press, 2015) 161-173.

Coote, R., "The Application of Oral Theory to Biblical Hebrew Literature", Semeia 5 (1976) 51-64.

Culley, R. C., "An Approach to the Problem of Oral Tradition", VT 13 (1963) 113-125.

Culley, R. C., "Oral Tradition and Historicity", in J. W. Wevers – D. B. Redford (eds.), Studies on the Ancient Palestinian World [Fs. F. V. Winnett] (Toronto Semitic Texts and Studies, 2; Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1972) 102-116.

Culley, R. C., "Oral Tradition and the OT: Some Recent Discussion", Semeia 5 (1976) 1-33.

Culley, R. C., "Oral Tradition and Biblical Studies", Oral Tradition 1 (1986) 30-65. Can be downloaded here.

Deist, F. E., "Orature, 'Editure', Literature – Reflections on Orality, Literariness and First Testament Literature", JNSL 20 (1994) 155-163.

Dobbs-Allsopp, F., "Inscribed in Vocality", in J. M. Hutton – A. D. Rubin (eds.), Epigraphy, Philology, and the Hebrew Bible: Methodological Perspectives on Philological and Comparative Study of the Hebrew Bible in Honor of Jo Ann Hackett (Ancient Near East Monographs – Monografías sobre el Antiguo Cercano Oriente, 12; Atlanta, GA: SBL Press & Centro de Estudios de Historia del Antiguo Oriente [Universidad Católica Argentina, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Políticas y de la Comunicación], 2015) 109-123. [the whole volume can be freely downloaded here]

Gunn, D. M., "On Oral Tradition: A Response to John Van Seters", Semeia 5 (1976) 155-161.

Lapointe, R., "Tradition and Language: The Import of Oral Expression", in D. A. Knight (ed.), Tradition and Theology in the Old Testament (London: SPCK, 1977) 125-142.

Kawashima, R. S., Biblical Narrative and the Death of the Rhapsode (Indiana Studies in Biblical Literature; Bloomington, IN; Indiana University Press, 2004).

Kofoed, J. B., "Remember the Days of Old (Deut 32,7) – Oral and Written Transmission in the Hebrew Bible", Hiphil 1 (2004) (online here).

Lods, A., "Le rôle de la tradition orale dans la formation des récits de l'Ancien Testament", Revue de l'histoire des religions 88 (1923) 51-64.

Long, B. O., "Recent Field Studies in Oral Literature and Their Bearing on OT Criticism", VT 26 (1976) 187-198.

Long, B. O., "Recent Field Studies in Oral Literature and the Question of Sitz im Leben", Semeia 5 (1976) 35-49.

Lord, A. B., "Formula and Non-Narrative Theme in South Slavic Oral Epic and the OT", Semeia 5 (1976) 93-105.

Millard, A. R., "Oral Proclamation and Written Record: Spreading and Preserving Information in Ancient Israel", in Y. Avishur – R. Deutsch (eds.), Michael. Historical, Epigraphical and Biblical Studies in Honor of Prof. Michael Heltzer (Tel Aviv: Archaeological Center Publications, 1999) 237-241.

Miller, R. D., "Oral Performance in Ancient Israel", in H. M. Niemann – M. Augustin (eds.), "My Spirit at Rest in the North Country" (Zechariah 6.8). Collected Communications to the XXth Congress of the International Organization for the Study of the Old Testament, Helsinki 2010 (BEATAJ 57; Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 2011) 229-240.

Miller, R. D., Oral Tradition in Ancient Israel (Biblical Performance Criticism, 4; Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2011).

Miller, R. D., "Orality and Performance in Ancient Israel", RevScRel 86 (2012) 183-194.

Miller, R. D., "The Performance of Oral Tradition in Ancient Israel", in B. B. Schmidt (ed.), Contextualizing Israel's Sacred Writings: Ancient Literacy, Orality, and Literary Production (SBLAIL 22; Atlanta, GA: SBL Press, 2015) 175-196.

Niditch, S., "Oral Register in the Biblical Libretto: Towards a Biblical Poetic", Oral Tradition 10 (1995) 387-408. Can be downloaded here.

Niditch, S., Oral World and Written Word: Ancient Israelite Literature (Library of Ancient Israel; Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 1996).

Niditch, S., "Oral Tradition and Biblical Scholarship", Oral Tradition 18 (2003) 43-44. Can be downloaded here.

Niditch, S., "Hebrew Bible and Oral Literature: Misconceptions and New Directions", in A. Weissenrieder – R. B. Coote (eds.), The Interface of Orality and Writing: Speaking, Seeing, Writing in the Shaping of New Genres (WUNT I /260; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2010) 3-18.

Nielsen, E., Oral Tradition: A Modern Problem in Old Testament Introduction (SBT 11; London: SCM, 1954). [originally articles in Danish in the Dansk Teologisk Tidsskrift]

Person, R. F., The Deuteronomic History and the Book of Chronicles: Scribal Works in an Oral World (Ancient Israel and Its Literature, 6; Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature; Leiden: Brill, 2010).

Person, R. F., "The Deuteronomic History and the Book of Chronicles: Scribal Works in an Oral World", in K. L. Noll – B. Schramm (eds.), Raising Up a Faithful Exegete: Essays in Honor of Richard D. Nelson (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2010) 31-39.

Person, R. F., "The Role of Memory in the Tradition Represented by the Deuteronomic History and the Book of Chronicles", Oral Tradition 26 (2011) 537-550. Can be downloaded here.

Polak, F. H., "The Oral and the Written: Syntax, Stylistics, and the Development of Biblical Prose Narrative", JANES 26 (1999) 59-105.

Polak, F. H., "Style is More Than the Person: Sociolinguistics, Literary Culture, and the Distinction Between Written and Oral Narrative", in I. Young (ed.), Biblical Hebrew: Studies in Chronology and Typology (JSOTSup 369; London & New York: T & T Clark, 2003) 38-103.

Polak, F. H., "Book, Scribe, and Bard: Oral Discourse and Written Text in Recent Biblical Scholarship", Prooftexts 31/1-2 (2011) 118-140.

Porter, J. R., "Pre-Islamic Arabic Historical Traditions and the Early Historical Narratives of the Old Testament", JBL 87 (1968) 17-26.

Rüger, H.-P., "Oral Tradition in the Old Testament", in H. Wansbrough (ed.), Jesus and the Oral Gospel Tradition (JSNTSup 64; Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1991) 107-120.

Schaper, J., "Hebrew Culture at the 'Interface Between the Written and the Oral'", in B. B. Schmidt (ed.), Contextualizing Israel's Sacred Writings: Ancient Literacy, Orality, and Literary Production (SBLAIL 22; Atlanta, GA: SBL Press, 2015) 323-340.

Schmidt, B. B. (ed.), Contextualizing Israel's Sacred Writings: Ancient Literacy, Orality, and Literary Production (SBLAIL 22; Atlanta, GA: SBL Press, 2015).

Schniedewind, W. M., "Orality and Literacy in Ancient Israel", Religious Studies Review 26 (2000) 327-332.

Urbrock, W. J., "Oral Antecedents to Job: A Survey of Formulas and Formulaic Language", Semeia 5 (1976) 111-135

Van Seters, J., "Oral Patterns or Literary Conventions in Biblical Narrative", Semeia 5 (1976) 139-154.

Wagner, A., "The Archeology of Oral Communication. In Search of Spoken Language in the Bible", JNSL 26 (2000) 117-126.

Weeks, S., "Literacy, Orality, and Literature in Israel", in J. K. Aitken – K. J. Dell – B. A. Mastin (eds.), On Stone and Scroll. Essays in Honour of Graham Ivor Davies (BZAW 420; Berlin: de Gruyter, 2011) 465-478.

Weissenrieder, A. – R. B. Coote (eds.), The Interface of Orality and Writing: Speaking, Seeing, Writing in the Shaping of New Genres (WUNT I /260; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2010).

Whybray, R. N., The Making of the Pentateuch. A Methodological Study (JSOTSup 53; Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1987), esp. 138-185 ("The Study of the Oral Tradition"); = El Pentateuco. Estudio metodológico (Biblioteca Manual Desclée, 7; Bilbao: Desclée de Brouwer, 1995).

Widengren, G., "Oral Tradition and Written Literature among the Hebrews in the Light of Arabic Evidence, with Special Regard to Prose Narratives", Acta Orientalia 23 (1959) 201-262.

Zuber, B., "Die mündliche Tradition", in B. Zuber, Vier Studien zu den Ursprüngen Israels. Die Sinaifrage und Probleme der Volks- und Traditionsbildung (OBO 9; Freiburg, Schweiz: Universitätsverlag; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1976) 73-98.

II.    Folklore and folktale studies

1.   General Studies

Aarne, A. A., Verzeichnis der Märchentypen. Mit Hülfe von Fachgenossen ausgearbeitet von Antti Aarne (Folklore Fellows' Communications, 3: Helsinki: Suomalaisen tiedeakalemian toimituksia, 1910). [see below s.v. Thompson]

Calame-Griaule, G. – V. Görög-Karady – M. Chiche (eds.), Le conte, pourquoi? comment? = Folktales, why and how? Actes des Journées d'études en littérature orale: analyse des contes – problèmes de méthodes, Paris, 23-26 mars 1982 (Colloques internationaux du Centre national de la recherche scientifique; Paris: Éditions du Centre national de la recherche scientifique, 1984).

Cross, T. P., Motif-Index of Early Irish Literature (Indiana University Publications, Folklore Series, 7; Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1952). [Reprinted: New York: Kraus Reprint, 1969]

Dundes, A. (ed.), The Study of Folklore (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1965).

Dundes, A. (ed.), Folklore: Critical Concepts in Literary and Cultural Studies. Vol. I: From Definition to Discipline. Vol. II: The Founders of Folklore. Vol. III: The Genres of Folklore. Vol. IV: Folkloristics: Theories and Methods (London: Routledge, 2005).

Enzyklopädie des Märchens: Handwörterbuch zur historischen und vergleichenden Erzählforschung. Begründet von Kurt Ranke im Auftrag von Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen. Hrsg. von Rolf Wilhelm Brednich et al. (Berlin: de Gruyter, 1977ff). [As of 2013-04-27 the latest part mentioned on the publisher's website is Band 14, Lief. 2 ("Wanderer – Wolf"), published 2012.]

Jason, H. – A. Kempinski, "How Old are Folktales?", Fabula 22 (1981) 1-27.

Lüthi, M., Es war einmal: vom Wesen des Volksmärchens (Kleine Vandenhoeck-Reihe, 136/137; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1962). Revised 8th edition: Es war einmal ... : vom Wesen des Volksmärchens. Mit einem Vorwort von Lutz Röhrich. 8., neu bearb. Aufl. (Kleine Reihe V & R, 4006; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1998). English: Once Upon a Time: On the Nature of Fairy Tales (New York: Ungar, 1970) [paperback: Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1976]

Lüthi, M., Das Volksmärchen als Dichtung: Ästhetik und Anthropologie (Studien zur Volkserzählung, 1; Düsseldorf: Diederichs, 1975); = The Fairytale as Art Form and Portrait of Man (Folklore Studies in Translation, Midland Book, MB 420; Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1984).

Olrik, A., "Epische Gesetze der Volksdichtung", Zeitschrift für Deutsches Altertum und Deutsche Literatur 51 (1909) 1-12.

Ó Súilleabháin, S. – R. T. Christiansen, The Types of the Irish Folktale (Folklore Fellows' Communications, 188: Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia, Academia Scientiarum Fennica, 1963).

Propp, V., Morphology of the Folktale (The Hague: Mouton; Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1958) [from the original Russian: Leningrad 1928]. Second English edition, revised and edited with a preface by Louis A. Wagner and a new introduction by Alan Dundes (Publications of the American Folklore Society, Bibliographical and Special Series, 9 / Indiana University. Research Center in Anthropology, Folklore, and Linguistics, Publication 10; Austin: University of Texas Press, 1968). French version: see the following item .

Propp, V. – E. Mélétinski, Morphologie du conte, suivie de, Les trasformations des contes merveilleux / Vladimir Propp. L'étude structurale et typologique du conte / E. Mélétinski (Poétique, Points, 12; Paris: Seuil, 1965).

Thompson, S. (trans. and compiler), The Types of the Folktale: A Classification and Bibliography – Antti Aarne's Verzeichnis der Märchentypen (FF communications no.3) translated and enlarged by Stith Thompson (Folklore Fellows' Communications, 74; Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia, Academia Scientiarum Fennica, 1928). Second revision: (same title), (Folklore Fellows' Communications, 184; Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia, Academia Scientiarum Fennica, 1961).

Thompson, S., Motif-Index of Folk-literature: A Classification of Narrative Elements in Folktales, Ballads, Myths, Fables, Mediaeval Romances, Exempla, Fabliaux, Jest-books and Local Legends. 6 vol. (Indiana University Studies, 96/97, 100, 101, 105/106, 107, 111/112; Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1932-1936). Also published as: (same title), (Folklore Fellows' Communications, 106, 107, 108, 109, 116, 117; Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia, Academia Scientiarum Fennica, 1932-1936). Revised and enlarged edition (still in 6 vol.): (same title), (Copenhagen: Rosenkilde and Bagger; Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1955-1958).

Thompson, S, The Folktale (New York and London: Holt, Rinehart & Winston / Dryden Press, 1946).

2.   Recent studies with specific reference to the Old Testament / Hebrew Bible

Ahuis, F., "Das Märchen im Alten Testament", ZTK 86 (1989) 455-476.

Dundes, A., Holy Writ as Oral Lit: The Bible as Folklore (Lanham, MD and Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999).

Kirkpatrick, P. G., The Old Testament and Folklore Study (JSOTSup 62; Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1988).

Niditch, S., Underdogs and Tricksters: A Prelude to Biblical Folklore (San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1987).

Niditch, S. (ed.), Text and Tradition: The Hebrew Bible and Folklore (Semeia Studies; Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1990).

Niditch, S., Folklore and the Hebrew Bible (Guides to Biblical Scholarship, OT: Minneapolis: Fortress, 1993).

Niditch, S., "Folklore and Israelite Tradition: Appreciation and Application", in S. Niditch (ed.), The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Ancient Israel (Wiley Blackwell Companions to Religion; Malden, MA: Wiley Blackwell, 2016) 87-102.

III.    Online bibliographical resources

Abundant bibliographies on the Biblical Performance Criticism site here.