Biblical Bibliographies
Charles Conroy [www.cjconroy.net]



Form Criticism and Prophetic Literature



[see also:  Call Narratives and Form Criticism in OT Studies]


The bibliography is divided into two sections as follows:

I.    Prophetic genres in general

Boda, M. J. – M. H. Floyd – C. M. Toffelmire (eds.), The Book of the Twelve and the New Form Criticism (ANEM 10; Atlanta, GA: SBL Press & Centro de Estudios de Historia del Antiguo Oriente [Universidad Católica Argentina, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Políticas y de la Comunicación], 2015). The book can be freely downloaded here.

Bretón, S., "La realidad de la obra", in L. Alonso Schökel – J. L. Sicre Diaz, Profetas. Introducciones y comentario (Madrid: Ediciones Cristiandad, 1980, 21987) 72-77; = I Profeti (Roma: Borla, 1984) 76-82; = Profetas (Grande comentário bíblico; São Paulo: Paulus, 1988 / 1991).

Buss, M. J., "Goals and Processes of the 'New' Form Criticism", in M. J. Boda – M. H. Floyd – C. M. Toffelmire (eds.), The Book of the Twelve and the New Form Criticism (ANEM 10; Atlanta, GA: SBL Press & Centro de Estudios de Historia del Antiguo Oriente [Universidad Católica Argentina, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Políticas y de la Comunicación], 2015) 305-309. The book can be freely downloaded here.

Floyd, M. H., "Basic Trends in the Form-Critical Study of Prophetic Texts", in M. A. Sweeney – E. Ben-Zvi (eds.), The Changing Face of Form Criticism for the Twenty-First Century (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2003) 298-311.

Floyd, M. H., "New Form Criticism and Beyond: The Historicity of Prophetic Literature Revisited," in M. J. Boda – M. H. Floyd – C. M. Toffelmire (eds.), The Book of the Twelve and the New Form Criticism (ANEM 10; Atlanta, GA: SBL Press & Centro de Estudios de Historia del Antiguo Oriente [Universidad Católica Argentina, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Políticas y de la Comunicación], 2015) 17-36. The book can be freely downloaded here.

Green, B., "Genre Criticism and the Prophets", in C. J. Sharp (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Prophets (Oxford Handbooks; Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press, 2016) 258-276.

Gunkel, H., "Einleitungen", in H. Schmidt, Die großen Propheten (Die Schriften des ATs [ed. H. Gunkel et al.] II/2; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1915 / 21923) xi-lxxii / ix-lxx. Several partial English translations are available: H. Gunkel, "The Secret Experiences of the Prophets", Expositor, Ninth Series, vol. 1 (1924) 356-366, 427-435; vol. 2 (1924) 23-32; H. Gunkel, "The Prophets as Writers and Poets", in D. L. Petersen (ed.), Prophecy in Israel: Search for an Identity (Philadelphia: Fortress; London: SPCK, 1987) 22-73; H. Gunkel, "The Prophets: Oral and Written", in H. Gunkel, Water for a Thirsty Land: Israelite Literature and Religion. Edited by K. C. Hanson (Fortress Classics in Biblical Studies; Minneapolis: Fortress, 2001) 85-133.

Gunkel, H., Die Propheten (Religionsgeschichtliche Volksbücher für die deutsche christliche Gegenwart, II Reihe; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1917) 104-140 [= Kap. 4: "Schriftstellerei und Formensprache der Propheten"]; = I Profeti. A cura di Fausto Parente (Firenze: Sansoni, 1967) 245-291.

Gunkel, H., "Propheten, IIB: Propheten Israels seit Amos", RGG2 IV (1930) 1538-1554; = "The Israelite Prophecy from the Time of Amos", in J. Pelikan (ed.), Twentieth Century Theology in the Making (New York: Harper and Row, 1969) 48-75.

Hayes, J. H., "The History of the Form-Critical Study of Prophecy", in Society of Biblical Literature 1973 Seminar Papers. Vol. I (Missoula, MT; Scholars, 1973) 60-99. Reprinted [same title] in J. H. Hayes, Interpreting Ancient Israelite History, Prophecy, and Law. Edited and introduced by B. E. Kelle (Eugene, OR: Cascade Books, 2013) 162-217.

March, W. E., "Prophecy", in J. H. Hayes (ed.), Old Testament Form Criticism (San Antonio: Trinity University Press, 1974) 141-177.

Petersen, D. L., "The Basic Forms of Prophetic Literature", in M. A. Sweeney – E. Ben-Zvi (eds.), The Changing Face of Form Criticism for the Twenty-First Century (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2003) 269-275.

Ramlot, L., "Prophétisme, III: Les moyens d'expression des Prophètes", DBSup 8 (1972) 943-973.

Rofé, A., Introduzione alla letteratura profetica (StBib 111; Brescia: Paideia, 1995), cap. 4; = Introduction to the Prophetic Literature (The Biblical Seminar, 21; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1997), chap. 4.

Sicre, J. L., Profetismo en Israel. El Profeta. Los Profetas. El Mensaje (Estella [Navarra]: Verbo Divino, 1992), cap. 6; = Profetismo in Israele. Il profeta – i profeti – il messaggio (Roma: Borla, 1995); = Profetismo em Israel. O Profeta, os Profetas, a Mensagem (Petrópolis, RJ: Vozes, 1996).

Toffelmire, C. M., "Sitz im What? Context and the Prophetic Book of Obadiah", in M. J. Boda – M. H. Floyd – C. M. Toffelmire (eds.), The Book of the Twelve and the New Form Criticism (ANEM 10; Atlanta, GA: SBL Press & Centro de Estudios de Historia del Antiguo Oriente [Universidad Católica Argentina, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Políticas y de la Comunicación], 2015) 221-244 [how Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) can illuminate old questions about Sitz im Leben]. The book can be freely downloaded here.

Vermeylen, J., "Les genres littéraires prophétiques", in T. Römer – J.-D. Macchi – C. Nihan (eds.), Introduction à l'Ancien Testament. Seconde édition entièrement révisée et substantiellement augmentée (Le Monde de la Bible, 49; Genève: Labor et Fides, 2009) 394-399. For translations (Italian and Spanish) of the first French edition of 2004, and for the German translation of the second edition see here.

Westermann, C., Grundformen prophetischer Rede. 2. erweiterte Auflage (BEvT 31; München: Kaiser, 21964 [11960]); = Basic Forms of Prophetic Speech (Philadelphia: Westminster; London: SCM, 1967).

Wilson, R. R., "New Form Criticism and the Prophetic Literature: The Unfinished Agenda", in M. J. Boda – M. H. Floyd – C. M. Toffelmire (eds.), The Book of the Twelve and the New Form Criticism (ANEM 10; Atlanta, GA: SBL Press & Centro de Estudios de Historia del Antiguo Oriente [Universidad Católica Argentina, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Políticas y de la Comunicación], 2015) 311-322. The book can be freely downloaded here.

II.    Some specific genres in the prophetic books

[with rare exceptions, studies on genres in particular books are not included here]


Amsler, S., "La parole visionnaire des prophètes", VT 31 (1981) 359-363.

Bach, R., Die Aufforderung zum Kampf und zur Flucht im alttestamentlichen Prophetenspruch (WMANT 9; Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1962).

Boecker, H. J., Redeformen des Rechtslebens im Alten Testament (WMANT 14; Neukirchen Kreis Moers, Neukirchener Verlag, 1964, 21970).

Boecker, H. J., Recht und Gesetz im Alten Testament und im Alten Orient (Neukirchener Studienbücher, 10; Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1976, 21984); = Law and the Administration of Justice in the Old Testament and Ancient East (Minneapolis: Augsburg Publishing House, 1980).

Bovati, P., Ristabilire la giustizia. Procedure, vocabolario, orientamenti (AnBib 110; Rome: Biblical Institute Press, 1986); = Re-Establishing Justice: Legal Terms, Concepts and Procedures in the Hebrew Bible (JSOTSup 105; Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1994).

Christensen, D. L., Transformations of the War Oracle in Old Testament Prophecy. Studies in the Oracles against the Nations (Harvard Dissertations in Religion, 3; Missoula, Mont.: Scholars, 1975).

Christensen, D. L., Prophecy and War in Ancient Israel. Studies in the Oracles against the Nations in Old Testament Prophecy. Revised edition (BIBAL Monograph Series, 3; Berkeley, CA: BIBAL, 1989). [revised edition of the preceding work of 1975]

Daniels, D. R., "Is There a 'Prophetic Lawsuit' Genre?", ZAW 99 (1987) 339-360.

De Roche, M. "Yahweh's rîb against Israel: A Reassessment of the So-called 'Prophetic Lawsuit' in the Preexilic Prophets", JBL 102 (1983) 563-574.

Dobbs-Allsopp, F. W., Weep, O Daughter of Zion: A Study of the City-Lament Genre in the Hebrew Bible (BibOr 44; Roma: Pontificio Istituto Biblico, 1993).

Döhling, J.-D., "Prophetische Körper: ein exegetisch-soziologisches Plädoyer zu einer vernachlässigten Dimension der sog. 'prophetischen Zeichenhandlungen'", BZ N.F. 57 (2013) 244-271.

Erzberger, J., "Prophetic Sign Acts as Performances", in E. K. Holt – C. J. Sharp (eds.), Jeremiah Invented: Constructions and Deconstructions of Jeremiah (LHB/OTS 595; London & New York: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2015) 104-116.

Fohrer, G., "Die Gattung der Berichte über symbolische Handlungen der Propheten", ZAW 64 (1952) 101-120. Reprinted in G. Fohrer, Studien zur alttestamentlichen Prophetie (1949-1965) (BZAW 99; Berlin: Töpelmann, 1967) 92-112.

Fohrer, G., Die symbolischen Handlungen der Propheten. 2., überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage (ATANT 54; Zürich: Zwingli-Verlag, 21968) [11953: ATANT 25; Zürich: Zwingli-Verlag].

Garrone, D., "La gestualità dei profeti", in P. Stefani (ed.), La gestualità e la Bibbia: Atti del Convegno "La gestualità e la Bibbia", Parma, 8-9 giugno 1996 (Associazione Laica di Cultura Biblica; Brescia: Morcelliana, 1999) 21-32.

Gasparro, L., La Parola, il gesto e il segno: le azioni simboliche di Geremia e dei profeti (Studi biblici, 73; Bologna: Dehoniane, 2015).

Graffy, A., A Prophet Confronts His People. The Disputation Speech in the Prophets (AnBib 104; Rome: Biblical Institute Press, 1984).

Graffy, A., "'The Lord However Says This': The Prophetic Disputation Speech", Scripture Bulletin 20,1 (1989-1990) 2-8. [reply to Murray 1987 below]

Harvey, J., "Le «rîb-Pattern», réquisitoire prophétique sur la rupture de l'alliance", Bib 43 (1962) 172-196.

Harvey, J., Le plaidoyer prophétique contre Israël après la rupture de l'alliance. Étude d'une formule littéraire de l'Ancien Testament (Studia, Travaux de recherche, 22: Bruges – Paris: Desclée De Brouwer; Montréal: Les Éditions Bellarmin, 1967).

Hayes, E. R. – L.-S. Tiemeyer (eds.), 'I Lifted My Eyes and Saw': Reading Dream and Vision Reports in the Hebrew Bible (LHB/OTS 584; London & New York: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2014).

Horst, F., "Die Visionsschilderungen der alttestamentlichen Propheten", EvT 20 (1960) 193-205.

Huffmon, H. B., "The Covenant Lawsuit in the Prophets", JBL 78 (1959) 285-295.

Koch, K., "Vom profetischen zum apokalyptischen Visionsbericht", in D. Hellholm (ed.), Apocalypticism in the Mediterranean World and the Near East: Proceedings of the International Colloquium on Apocalypticism, Uppsala, August 12-17, 1979 (Tübingen: Mohr [Siebeck], 1983, 21989 with bibliographical supplement) 413-446; = [same title], in K. Koch, Vor der Wende der Zeiten. Beiträge zur apokalyptischen Literatur. Gesammelte Aufsätze, 3. Hrsg. von U. Gleßmer und M. Krause (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1996) 143-178.

Lang, B., "Street Theater, Raising the Dead, and the Zoroastrian Connection in Ezekiel's Prophecy", in J. Lust (ed.), Ezekiel and His Book. Textual and Literary Criticism and their Interrelation (BETL 74; Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1986) 297-316, esp. 297-307 [on prophetic sign-actions in general]. Revised version of the latter section: "Games Prophets Play: Street Theatre and Symbolic Acts in Biblical Israel", in B. Lang, Hebrew Life and Literature (SOTSMS; Farnham: Ashgate, 2008) 185-195.

Lauber, S., "Textpragmatische Strategien im »Disputationswort« als gattungsbildendes Kriterium", ZAW 120 (2008) 341-365.

Long, B. O., "Reports of Visions Among the Prophets", JBL 95 (1976) 353-365.

Markert, L., Struktur und Bezeichnung des Scheltworts. Eine gattungskritische Studie anhand des Amosbuches (BZAW 140; Berlin: de Gruyter, 1977)

Murray, D. F., "The Rhetoric of Prophetic Disputation: Re-Examination of a Prophetic Genre", JSOT 38 (1987) 95-121. [discussion with Graffy 1984 above]

Niditch, S., The Symbolic Vision in Biblical Tradition (HSM 30; Chico, CA: Scholars Press, 1983).

Nielsen, K., Yahweh as Prosecutor and Judge. An Investigation of the Prophetic Lament (Rib-Pattern) (JSOTSup 9; Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1978).

Ott, K., Die prophetischen Analogiehandlungen im Alten Testament (BWANT 185; Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 2009).

Ross, J. F., "The Prophet as Yahweh's Messenger", in B. W. Anderson – W. Harrelson (eds.), Israel's Prophetic Heritage. Essays in Honor of James Muilenburg (New York: Harper; London: SCM, 1962) 98-107. Reprinted in D. L. Petersen (ed.), Prophecy in Israel: Search for an Identity (Issues in Religion and Theology, 10; Philadelphia: Fortress; London: SCM, 1987) 112-121.

Stacey, D., Prophetic Drama in the Old Testament (London: Epworth Press, 1990).

Succu, G. P. D., "Il rîb. Natura e finalità della controversia profetica", in E. M. Obara – G. P. D. Succu (eds.), Uomini e profeti: scritti in onore di Horacio Simian-Yofre SJ (AnBib 202; Roma: Gregorian & Biblical Press, 2013) 249-280.

Tångberg, K. A., Die prophetische Mahnrede. Form- und traditionsgeschichtliche Studien zum prophetischen Umkehrruf (FRLANT 143; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1987).

Tiemeyer, L.-S., "The Vision Report Genre between Form-Criticism and Redaction-Criticism: An Investigation of Amos 7-9 and Zechariah 1-6", in M. J. Boda – M. H. Floyd – C. M. Toffelmire (eds.), The Book of the Twelve and the New Form Criticism (ANEM 10; Atlanta, GA: SBL Press & Centro de Estudios de Historia del Antiguo Oriente [Universidad Católica Argentina, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Políticas y de la Comunicación], 2015) 75-96. The book can be freely downloaded here.

Tiemeyer, L.-S., Zechariah and His Visions: An Exegetical Study of Zechariah's Vision Report (LHB/OTS 605; London & New York: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2015). [for general considerations about prophetic vision-reports see esp. the "Preliminary Matters" (1-11) and the first three chapters (12-44)]

Trotter, J. M., "Reading the 'Prophetic Lawsuit' Genre in the Persian Period", in M. J. Boda – M. H. Floyd – C. M. Toffelmire (eds.), The Book of the Twelve and the New Form Criticism (ANEM 10; Atlanta, GA: SBL Press & Centro de Estudios de Historia del Antiguo Oriente [Universidad Católica Argentina, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Políticas y de la Comunicación], 2015) 63-74. The book can be freely downloaded here.

Tucker, G. M., "Prophetic Speech", Int 32 (1978) 31-45.

Utzschneider, H., Michas Reise in die Zeit: Studien zum Drama als Genre der prophetischen Literatur des Alten Testaments (SBS 180; Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 1999).

Utzschneider, H., Gottes Vorstellung: Untersuchungen zur literarischen Ästhetik und ästhetischen Theologie des Alten Testaments (BWANT 175; Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 2007) [includes several studies on the "drama" genre].

Viberg, Å., Prophets in Action: An Analysis of Prophetic Symbolic Acts in the Old Testament (CBOT 55; Stockholm: Almqvist and Wiksell, 2007).

Wagner, A., Prophetie als Theologie. Die so spricht Jahwe-Formeln und das Grundverständnis alttestamentlicher Prophetie (FRLANT 207; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2004).

Warmuth, G., Das Mahnwort. Seine Bedeutung für die Verkündigung der vorexilischen Propheten Amos, Hosea, Micha, Jesaja und Jeremia (Beiträge zur biblischen Exegese und Theologie, 1; Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 1976).

Westermann, C., Prophetische Heilsworte im Alten Testament (FRLANT 145; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1987); = Prophetic Oracles of Salvation in the Old Testament (Louisville, KY: Westminster / John Knox, 1991; Edinburgh: Clark, 1992).

Westermann, C., "Zur Erforschung und zum Verständnis der prophetischen Heilsworte", ZAW 98 (1986) 1-13.

Wischnowsky, M., Tochter Zion. Aufnahme und Überwindung der Stadtklage in den Prophetenschriften des Alten Testaments (WMANT 89; Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 2001).