Biblical Bibliographies
Charles Conroy [www.cjconroy.net]



Philistine Cities (3):  Gath and Gaza



[see also:  Philistines: general bibliography;  Philistines: further archaeological titles;  Philistines: other cities]


The two parts of the bibliography are subdivided as follows:

I.    Gath (Tell eṣ-Ṣâfi, Tel Ẓafit)

1.   Overviews

Bryce, T., "Gath" and "Zafit, Tel", in T. Bryce (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of the Peoples and Places of Ancient Western Asia: The Near East from the Early Bronze Age to the Fall of the Persian Empire. In consultation with H. D. Baker, D. T. Potts, J. N. Tubb, J. M. Webb, and P. Zimansky (London & New York: Routledge, 2009) 249 and 783-784.

Laughlin, J. C. H., "Gath (Tell es-Safi): 'Tell It Not In Gath'", in his Fifty Major Cities of the Bible (London & New York: Routledge, 2006) 123-126.

[Maeir, A. M.], "Safi (Tel es-); Safit (Tell)", in A. Negev – S. Gibson (eds.), Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land. New edition, revised and updated (New York & London: Continuum, 2001) 445 (unsigned article).

Maeir, A. M., "Ẓafit, Tel", NEAEHL 5 (2008) 2079-2081.

Maeir, A. M., "Insights on the Philistine Culture and Related Issues: An Overview of 15 Years of Work at Tell eṣ-Ṣafi/Gath", in G. Galil – A. Gilboa – A. M. Maeir – D. Kahn (eds.), The Ancient Near East in the 12th-10th Centuries BCE, Culture and History: Proceedings of the International Conference Held in the University of Haifa, 2–5 May 2010 (AOAT 392; Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2012) 345-403.

Maeir, A. M., "Gath", OEBA (2013) 443-451.

Seger, J. D., "Gath", ABD II (1992) 908-909.

Stern, E., "Ẓafit, Tel", NEAEHL 4 (1993) 1522-1524. [see s.v. Maeir for the 2008 supplement]

2.   Official reports

Maeir, A. M. (ed.), Tell es-Safi/Gath, I: The 1996-2005 seasons. Part 1: Text. Part 2: Plates (AAT 69; Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2012).

3.   Selected studies

Avissar, R. – J. Uziel – A. M. Maeir, "Tell es-Safi/Gath during the Persian Period", in Y. Levin (ed.), A Time of Change: Judah and Its Neighbors in the Persian and Early Hellenistic Periods (Library of Second Temple Studies, 65 / Companion to the Qumran Scrolls, 8; London: T&T Clark International, 2007) 65-115.

Avissar-Lewis, R. S. – A. M. Maeir, "Bliss and Macalister's Work at Tell es-Safi/Gath: A Reappraisal in Light of the Recent Excavations", in S.R. Wolff (ed.), Villain or Visionary? R. A. S. Macalister and the Archaeology of Palestine: Proceedings of a Workshop Held at the Albright Institute of Archaeological Research, Jerusalem, on 13 December 2013 (Palestine Exploration Fund Annual, 12; Leeds: Maney, 2015) 112-117.

Ben-Shlomo, D. – J. Uziel – A. M. Maeir, "Pottery Production at Tell es-Safi/Gath: A Longue Durée Perspective", Journal of Archaeological Science 36 (2009) 2258-2273.

Ehrlich, C. S., "Die Suche nach Gat und die neuen Ausgrabungen auf Tell eṣ-Ṣafi", in U. Hübner – E. A. Knauf (eds.), Kein Land für sich allein: Studien zum Kulturkontakt in Kanaan, Israel/Palästina und Ebirnâri für Manfred Weippert zum 65. Geburtstag (OBO 186; Freiburg, Schweiz: Universitätsverlag; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2002) 56-69.

Ehrlich, C. S., "Die Suche nach Goliaths Heimat. Die Ausgrabung bei Tell eṣ-Ṣafi in Israel", in C. S. Ehrlich, Bibel und Judentum. Beiträge aus dem christlich-jüdischen Gespräch (Zürich: Pano-Verlag, 2004) 101-116.

Eliyahu-Behar, A. – N. Yahalom-Mack – S. Shilstein – A. Zukerman – C. Shafer-Elliott – A. M. Maeir – I. Finkelstein – S. Weiner, "Iron and Bronze Production in Iron Age IIA Philistia: New Evidence from Tell es-Safi/Gath, Israel", Journal of Archaeological Science 39 (2012) 255-267.

Finkelstein, I., "The Philistines in the Bible: A Late-Monarchic Perspective", JSOT 27.2 (Dec. 2002) 131-167.

Hitchcock, L. A. – L. K. Horwitz – E. Boaretto – A. M. Maeir, "One Philistine's Trash is an Archaeologist's Treasure: Feasting at Iron Age I, Tell es-Safi/Gath", NEA 78 (2015) 12-25.

Horwitz, L. K. – J. Lev-Tov – J. R. Chadwick – S. J. Wimmer – A. M. Maeir, "Working Bones: A Unique Iron Age IIA Bone Workshop from Tell eṣ-Ṣâfi/Gath", NEA 69 (2006) 169-173.

Laurent, S. – H. Kaiser, "Gat. Eine Festung im Land der Philister", Welt und Umwelt der Bibel 62 (2011) 30-31.

Levin, Y., "Philistine Gath in the Biblical Record", in A. M. Maeir (ed.), Tell es-Safi/Gath, I: The 1996-2005 seasons. Part 1: Text (AAT 69; Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2012) 141-152.

Maeir, A. M. – C. S. Ehrlich, "Excavating Philistine Gath. Have We Found Goliath's Hometown?", BAR 27/6 (Nov.-Dec. 2001) 22-31.

Maeir, A. M., "The Historical Background and Dating of Amos VI 2: An Archaeological Perspective from Tell eṣ-Ṣâfī/Gath", VT 54 (2004) 319-334.

Maeir, A. M. – J. Uziel, "A Tale of Two Tells: A Comparative Perspective on Tel Miqne-Ekron and Tell eṣ-Ṣâfī/Gath in Light of Recent Archaeological Research", in S. W. Crawford – A. Ben-Tor – J. P. Dessel – W. G. Dever – A. Mazar – J. Aviram (eds.), "Up to the Gates of Ekron": Essays on the Archaeology and History of the Eastern Mediterranean in Honor of Seymour Gitin (Jerusalem: W. F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research / Israel Exploration Society, 2007) 29-42.

Maeir, A. M. – S. J. Wimmer – A. Zukerman – A. Demsky, "A Late Iron Age I / Early Iron Age II Canaanite Inscription from Tell eṣ-Ṣâfi/Gath, Israel: Paleography, Dating, and Historical-Cultural Significance", BASOR 351 (Aug. 2008) 39-71.

Maeir, A. M., "A Seated Figurine from Tell eṣ-Ṣâfi/Gath. A Philistine Image of El?", in C. Cohen – V. A. Hurowitz – A. Hurvitz – Y. Muffs – B. J. Schwartz – J. Tigay (eds.), Birkat Shalom: Studies in the Bible, Ancient Near Eastern Literature, and Postbiblical Judaism Presented to Shalom M. Paul on the Occasion of His Seventieth Birthday (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2008) II.627-635.

Maeir, A. M. – A. Fantalkin – A. Zukerman, "The Earliest Greek Import to the Iron Age Levant: New Evidence from Tell es-Safi/Gath, Israel", Ancient West and East 8 (2009) 57-80.

Maeir, A. M. – S. Gur-Arieh, "Comparative Aspects of the Aramean Siege System at Tell eṣ-Ṣāfi/Gath", in I. Finkelstein – N. Na’aman (eds.), The Fire Signals of Lachish: Studies in the Archaeology and History of Israel in the Late Bronze Age, Iron Age, and Persian Period in Honor of David Ussishkin (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2011) 227-244.

Maeir, A. M., "Philistia and the Judean Shephelah after Hazael and the 'Uzziah Earthquake'. The Power Play between the Philistines, Judahites and Assyrians in the 8th Century BCE in Light of the Excavations at Tell eṣ-Ṣafi/Gath", in A. Berlejung (ed.), Disaster and Relief Management. Katastrophen und ihre Bewältigung (FAT 81; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2012) 241-262.

Maeir, A. M., "Prize Find: Horned Altar from Tell es-Safi Hints at Philistine Origins", BAR 38/1 (Jan.-Feb. 2012) 35.

Maeir, A. M., "The Tell es-Safi/Gath Archaeological Project 1996-2010. Introduction, Overview and Synopsis of Results", in A. M. Maeir (ed.), Tell es-Safi/Gath, I: The 1996-2005 seasons. Part 1: Text (AAT 69; Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2012) 1-88.

Maeir, A. M. – L. A. Hitchcock – L. K. Horwitz, "On the Constitution and Transformation of Philistine Identity", Oxford Journal of Archaeology 32 (2013) 1-38.

Maeir, A. M., "Philistia Transforming: Fresh Evidence from Tell eṣ-Ṣâfi/Gath on the Transformational Trajectory of the Philistine Culture", in A. E. Killebrew – G. Lehmann (eds.), The Philistines and Other "Sea Peoples" in Text and Archaeology (Archaeology and Biblical Studies, 15; Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature, 2013) 191-242.

Maeir, A. M., "Philistine Gath after 20 Years: Regional Perspectives on the Iron Age at Tell eṣ-Ṣafi/Gath", in O. Lipschits – A. M. Maeir (eds.), The Shephelah during the Iron Age: Recent Archaeological Studies (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2017) 133-154.

Namdar, D. – A. Zukerman – A. M. Maeir – J. C. Katz – D. Cabanes – C. Trueman – R. Shahack-Gross – S. Weiner, "The 9th Century BCE Destruction Layer at Tell es-Safi/ Gath, Israel: Integrating Macro- and Microarchaeology", Journal of Archaeological Science 38 (2011) 3471-3482.

Rainey, A. F., "The Identification of Philistine Gath – A Problem in Source Analysis for Historical Geography", in B. Mazar (ed.), Nelson Glueck Memorial Volume (Eretz-Israel 12; Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society in cooperation with the Hebrew Union College / Jewish Institute of Religion, 1975) 63*-76*.

Schniedewind, W. M., "The Geopolitical History of Philistine Gath", BASOR 309 (Feb. 1998) 69-77.

Shai, I. – A. M. Maeir, "The Iron Age IIA Pottery Assemblage at Tell es-Sâfi/Gath", in H. Kuhne – R. M. Czichon – F. J. Kreppner (eds.), Proceedings of the 4th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East, 29 March–3 April 2004, Freie Universität Berlin. Vol. 2: Social and Cultural Transformation; The Archaeology of Transitional Periods and Dark Ages; Excavation Reports (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2008) 419-428.

Shai, I. – A. M. Maeir, "The Late Iron Age IIA Pottery Assemblage from Stratum A3", in A. M. Maeir (ed.), Tell es-Safi/Gath, I: The 1996-2005 seasons. Part 1: Text (AAT 69; Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2012) 313-363.

Shai, I., "The Early Bronze Age Fortifications at Tell es-Safi/Gath, Israel", PEQ 148 (2016) 42-58.

Shemesh, Y., "David in the Service of King Achish of Gath: Renegade to his People or a Fifth Column in the Philistine Army?", VT 57 (2007) 73-90.

Uziel, J. – A. M. Maeir, "Scratching the Surface at Gath: Implications of the Tell es-Safi/Gath Surface Survey", TA 32 (2005) 50-75.

Uziel, J. – A. M. Maeir, "The Location, Size and Periods of Settlement at Tell es-Safi/Gath: The Surface Survey Results", in A. M. Maeir (ed.), Tell es-Safi/Gath, I: The 1996-2005 seasons. Part 1: Text (AAT 69; Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2012) 173-181.

Ussishkin, D., "Gath, Lachish and Jerusalem in the 9th Cent. B.C.E. – An Archaeological Reassessment", ZDPV 131 (2015) 129-149 (with plates 16-20).

Wimmer, S. J., "Israel: Tell es-Safi. Beleg für den biblischen Goliat gefunden?", Welt und Umwelt der Bibel 40 (2006) 70.

Zukerman, A. – I. Shai, "'The Royal City of the Philistines' in the 'Azekah Inscription' and the History of Gath in the Eighth Century BCE", UF 38 (2006) 729-778.

4.   Online resources

The official excavation website is here.

The bibliography on the official website ("Publications Deriving from the Tell es-Safi/Gath Archaeological Project from 1997 – February 2013") can be accessed here.

II.    Gaza (Tell Harube)

1.   Overviews

Bryce, T., "Gaza", in T. Bryce (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of the Peoples and Places of Ancient Western Asia: The Near East from the Early Bronze Age to the Fall of the Persian Empire. In consultation with H. D. Baker, D. T. Potts, J. N. Tubb, J. M. Webb, and P. Zimansky (London & New York: Routledge, 2009) 250-251.

Glucker, C. A. M., "Gaza, 3: Byzantine Gaza", ABD II (1992) 917-921.

Kasher, A., "Gaza, 2: Gaza in the Greco-Roman Period", ABD II (1992) 915-917.

Katzenstein, H. J., "Gaza, 1: Pre-Hellenistic Gaza", ABD II (1992) 912-915.

Maeir, A. M., "Gaza", OEBA (2013) 451-453.

Negev, A. – S. Gibson, "Gaza", in their Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land. New edition, revised and updated (New York: Continuum, 2001) 191-192.

Ovadiah, A., "Gaza", NEAEHL 2 (1993) 464-467 [no update article in vol. 5 (2008)]

Rainey, A. F., "Gaza", in G. W. Bromiley (ed.), The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Fully revised edition.Vol. 2 (E-J) (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1982) 415-418.

Weinstein, J. M., "Gaza", OEAE 2 (2001) 5-7.

2.   Selected studies

Burdajewicz, M.,"Gaza pendant les périodes du Bronze moyen et récent et de l'âge du Fer", in J.-B. Humbert (ed.), Gaza Méditerranéenne. Histoire et archéologie en Palestine (Paris: Editions Errance, 2000) 31-39.

Giroud, P., "Gaza à l'époque perse", in J.-B. Humbert (ed.), Gaza Méditerranéenne. Histoire et archéologie en Palestine (Paris: Editions Errance, 2000) 40-46.

Haldimann, M.-A. – J.-B. Humbert – M. Martiniani-Reber – M. Sadeq – H. Taha (eds.), Gaza: à la croisée des civilisations: contexte archéologique et historique (Collection Territoires; Neuchâtel: Chaman; Genève: Musées d'Art et d'Histoire, 2007).

Hein, I., "Gaza et l'Égypte au IIe millénaire av. J.-C.", in M.-A. Haldimann – J.-B. Humbert – M. Martiniani-Reber – M. Sadeq – H. Taha (eds.), Gaza: à la croisée des civilisations: contexte archéologique et historique (Collection Territoires; Neuchâtel: Chaman; Genève: Musées d'Art et d'Histoire, 2007) 72-79.

Humbert, J.-B. (ed.), Gaza Méditerranéenne. Histoire et archéologie en Palestine (Paris: Editions Errance, 2000).

Humbert, J.-B. – M. Sadeq, "Les fouilles archéologiques à Gaza", in M.-A. Haldimann – J.-B. Humbert – M. Martiniani-Reber – M. Sadeq – H. Taha (eds.), Gaza: à la croisée des civilisations: contexte archéologique et historique (Collection Territoires; Neuchâtel: Chaman; Genève: Musées d'Art et d'Histoire, 2007) 35-44.

Katzenstein, H. J., "Gaza in the Egyptian Texts of the New Kingdom", JAOS 102 (1982) 111-113.

Miroschedji, P. de, "La région de Gaza, des origines à la fin de l'âge du Bronze", in M.-A. Haldimann – J.-B. Humbert – M. Martiniani-Reber – M. Sadeq – H. Taha (eds.), Gaza: à la croisée des civilisations: contexte archéologique et historique (Collection Territoires; Neuchâtel: Chaman; Genève: Musées d'Art et d'Histoire, 2007) 59-71.

Phythian-Adams, W. J., "Reports on Soundings at Gaza etc.", PEQ 55 (1923) 11-17.

Phythian-Adams, W. J., "Second Report on Soundings at Gaza", PEQ 55 (1923) 18-30.

Phythian-Adams, W. J., "The Problem of 'Deserted' Gaza", PEQ 55 (1923) 30-36.

Rappaport, U., "Gaza and Ascalon in the Persian and Hellenistic Periods in Relation to their Coins", IEJ 20 (1970) 75-80.

Sadeq, M., "An Overview of Iron Age Gaza in Light of the Archaeological Evidence", in J. R. Spencer – R. A. Mullins – A. J. Brody (eds.), Material Culture Matters: Essays on the Archaeology of the Southern Levant in Honor of Seymour Gitin (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2014) 239-253.

Uehlinger, C., "Hanun von Gaza und seine Gottheiten auf Orthostatenreliefs Tiglatpilesers III", in U. Hübner – E. A. Knauf (eds.), Kein Land für sich allein: Studien zum Kulturkontakt in Kanaan, Israel/Palästina und Ebirnâri für Manfred Weippert zum 65. Geburtstag (OBO 186; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2002) 92-125.