Storia dell'antico Israele: primo semestre 2004-05
Charles Conroy [www.cjconroy.net/hist/hist00a.htm]



VERSO LA MONARCHIA

Le strutture sociali di Israele pre-monarchico
e le cause del passaggio alla monarchia


Alt, A., Die Staatenbildung der Israeliten in Palästina. Verfassungsgeschichtliche Studien (Reformationsprogramm der Universität Leipzig 1930); reprinted as "Die Staatenbildung der Israeliten in Palästina", in A. Alt, Kleine Schriften zur Geschichte des Volkes Israel II (München: Beck, 1953) 1-65; = "The Formation of the Israelite State in Palestine", in A. Alt, Essays on Old Testament History and Religion (Oxford: Blackwell, 1966) 171-237.

Bächli, O., Amphiktyonie im Alten Testament. Forschungsgeschichtliche Studie zur Hypothese von Martin Noth (Theologische Zeitschrift, Sonderband VI; Basel: Reinhardt, 1977).

Cazelles, H., "Clans, état monarchique, et tribus", in A. G. Auld (ed.), Understanding Poets and Prophets. Essays in Honour of George Wishart Anderson (JSOTSup 152; Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1993) 77-92.

Coote, R. B. – K. W. Whitelam, "The Emergence of Israel: Social Transformation and State Formation Following the Decline in Late Bronze Age Trade", Semeia 37 (1986) 107-147.

Coote, R. B. – K. W. Whitelam, The Emergence of Early Israel in Historical Perspective (The Social World of Biblical Antiquity, 5; Sheffield: Almond Press, 1987).

Crüsemann, F., Der Widerstand gegen das Königtum. Die antiköniglichen Texte des Alten Testaments und der Kampf um den frühen israelitischen Staat (WMANT 49; Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1978).

Dever, W. G., "From Tribe to Nation: State Formation Processes in Ancient Israel", in S. Mazzoni (ed.), Nuove fondazioni nel Vicino Oriente Antico: realtà e ideologia. Atti del Colloquio 4-6 Dicembre 1991 Dipartimento di Scienze Storiche del Mondo Antico. Sezione di Egittologia e Scienze Storiche del Vicino Oriente. Università degli Studi di Pisa (Seminari di Orientalistica, 4; Pisa: Giardini, 1994) 213-229.

Dothan, T., "Philistines (Archaeology)", ABD V (1992) 328-333.

Feinman, G. M. – J. Marcus (eds.), Archaic States (School of American Research Advanced Seminar Series; Santa Fe, New Mexico: School of American Research Press, 1998).

Fiensy, D., "Using the Nuer Culture of Africa in Understanding the Old Testament: An Evaluation", JSOT 38 (1987) 73-83.

Finkelstein, I., "The Emergence of the Monarchy in Israel: The Environmental and Socio-Economic Aspects", JSOT 44 (1989) 43-74.

Finkelstein, I., "‘Izbet Sartah", ABD III (1992) 588-589.

Finkelstein, I., "Seilun, Khirbet", ABD V (1992) 1069-1072.

Finkelstein, I., "The Philistine Countryside", IEJ 46 (1996) 225-242.

Finkelstein, I., "State Formation in Israel and Judah: A Contrast in Context, a Contrast in Trajectory", NEA 62 (1999) 35-52. [A major revision of his 1989 JSOT article (see above), in the light of his new Low Chronology (synthesized here) and of a more critical approach to the biblical texts.] [See below for a response by A. F. Rainey in NEA 2001].

Flanagan, J. W., "Chiefs in Israel", JSOT 20 (1981) 47-73.

Frick, F. S., The Formation of the State in Ancient Israel. A Survey of Models and Theories (The Social World of Biblical Antiquity, 4; Sheffield: Almond Press, 1985).

Fritz, V., Die Entstehung Israels im 12. und 11. Jahrhundert v. Chr. (Biblische Enzyklopädie, 2; Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 1996) 121-136.

Garbini, G., I Filistei: gli antagonisti di Israele (Orizzonti della Storia; Milano: Rusconi, 1997).

Geus, C. H. J. de, The Tribes of Israel. An Investigation into Some of the Presuppositions of Martin Noth's Amphictyony Hypothesis (Studia Semitica Neerlandica, 18; Assen: Royal Van Gorcum, 1976).

Gottwald, N. K., "Recent Studies of the Social World of Premonarchic Israel", CR:BS 1 (1993) 163-189.

Gottwald, N. K., The Tribes of Yahweh: A Sociology of the Religion of Liberated Israel, 1250-1050 B.C.E. (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1979 / London: SCM, 1980). Reprinted under the same title but with a new Epilogue and additional bibliography in the series: The Biblical Seminar, 66; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1999); = As Tribos de Iahweh. Uma Sociologia da Religião de Israel Liberto, 1250-1050 a.C., traduzido do inglês por Anacleto Alvarez (São Paulo: Paulus, 1986).

Hauer, C. E., "From Alt to Anthropology: The Rise of the Israelite State", JSOT 36 (1986) 3-15.

Herrmann, S., "Was bleibt von der Jahwe-Amphiktyonie?", TZ 48 (1992) 304-314.

Kallai, Z., "The Twelve-Tribe Systems of Israel", VT 47 (1997) 53-90.

Katzenstein, H. J., "Philistines (History)", ABD V (1992) 326-328.

Knauf, E. A., "Exkurs 2: Gibt es »segmentär-egalitäre« Gesellschaften? Zur Terminologie der politischen Evolution", in E. A. Knauf, Die Umwelt des Alten Testaments (Neuer Stuttgarter Kommentar Altes Testament, 29; Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 1994) 68-71.

Lemche, N. P., "'Israel in the Period of the Judges' – The Tribal League in Recent Research", Studia Theologica 38 (1984) 1-28.

Lemche, N. P., Early Israel. Anthropological and Historical Studies on the Israelite Society Before the Monarchy (VTSup 37; Leiden: Brill, 1985)

Lemche, N. P., "The Origin of the Israelite State. A Copenhagen Perspective on the Emergence of Critical Historical Studies of Ancient Israel in Recent Times", SJOT 12 (1998) 44-63.

Levin, C., "Das vorstaatliche Israel", ZTK 97 (2000) 385-403. Reprinted [same title] in C. Levin, Fortschreibungen. Gesammelte Studien zum Alten Testament (BZAW 316; Berlin: de Gruyter, 2003) 142-157.

Martin, J. D., "Israel as a tribal society", in R. E. Clements (ed.), The World of Ancient Israel: Sociological, Anthropological and Political Perspectives. Essays by Members of the Society for Old Testament Study (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989) 95-117.

Mayes, A. D. H., "Israel in the Pre-Monarchy Period", VT 23 (1973) 151-170.

Mayes, A. D. H., Israel in the Period of the Judges (SBT II/29; London: SCM, 1974).

Mayes, A. D. H., Judges (OT Guides; Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1985).

Mayes, A. D. H., "Amphictyony", ABD I (1992) 212-216.

Neu, R., "'Israel' vor der Entstehung des Königtums", BZ N.F. 30 (1986) 204-21.

Neu, R., Von der Anarchie zum Staat. Entwicklungsgeschichte Israels vom Nomadentum zur Monarchie im Spiegel der Ethnosoziologie (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1992).

Neu, R., "Die Entstehung des Königtums im Lichte der Ethnosoziologie", in C. Sigrist – R. Neu (eds.), Die Entstehung des Königtums (Ethnologische Texte zum Alten Testament, 2; Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1997) 12-20.

Noth, M., Das System der zwölf Stämme Israels (BWANT 52; Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 1930: reprinted Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1966).

Rainey, A. F. "Stones for Bread. Archaeology Versus History", NEA 64 (2001) 140-149. [Response to Finkelstein in NEA 1999 (see above)].

Rogerson, J. W., Anthropology and the Old Testament (Growing Points in Theology; Oxford: Blackwell; Atlanta: John Knox, 1978); = Antropologia e Antico Testamento. Introduzione di C. Grottanelli ("Dabar": Studi biblici e giudaici, 2; Casale Monferrato: Marietti, 1984).

Rogerson, J. W., "Was Early Israel a Segmentary Society?", JSOT 36 (1986) 17-26.

Sasson, J., "On Choosing Models for Recreating Israelite Premonarchic History", JSOT 21 (1981) 3-24.

Schäfer-Lichtenberger, C., Stadt und Eidgenossenschaft im Alten Testament. Eine Auseinandersetzung mit Max Webers Studie "Das antike Judentum" (BZAW 156; Berlin: de Gruyter, 1983).

Schaper, J., "Die religionsgeschichtlichen Wurzeln des frühisraelitischen Stammebundes", VT 46 (1996) 361-375.

Schorn, U., Ruben und das System der zwölf Stämme Israels. Redaktionsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen zur Bedeutung des Erstgeborenen Jakobs (BZAW 248; Berlin: de Gruyter, 1997).

Strange, J., "The Transition from the Bronze Age to the Iron Age in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Emergence of the Israelite State", SJOT 1 (1987) 1-19.

Whitelam, K. W., "King and Kingship", ABD IV (1992) 40-48 (espec. 40-42).

Zwickel, W., "Der Beitrag der Ḥabiru zur Entstehung des Königtums", UF 28 (1996) 751-766.

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